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Full text of "Official proceedings of the National Democratic convention, held in Cincinnati, June 2-6, 1856"

OFFICIAL PROCEEDINGS 



/ 



OF THE 



NATIONAL 



M^rratit C0Hfj^Hti0tt, 



HELD IN 



oiN'ciisrisrA.Ti, 



JUNE 2-6, 1856. 



PUBLISHED BY OEDER OP THE CONTENTION. 



tirt^ 



tV^CViVN 



.1\^^ 



CINCINNATI: 

ENQUIRER COMPANY STEAM PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT. 
T. Wrightson, Superintendent. 

1856. 



« 



AUBURN UNIVERSITY 

lUni BROWN DRAUGHON LIBRARY 
AUBURN. ALABAMA 36830 



IK 

-C 3 / .3 
AUG Zk 76 



PROCEEDINGS 



OF THE 



DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



Monday, Jmie 2, 1856. 

Pursuant to the call of tlie Democratic National Committee, the 
Delegates to the National Convention assembled in Smith & Nixon's 
Hall in Cincinnati, Ohio, at 12 o'clock, noon, on the second day of 
June, 1856. 

Eohert McLane, of Maryland, as Chairman of the National Demo- 
cratic Committee, called the Convention to order. 
^ W. A. Richardson, of Illinois, arose and proposed that the Conven- 
tion,^ for temporary organization, should elect Samuel Medary, of Ohio, 
President ;)ro tern., (Loud applause), which was unanimously adopted. 

On motion, A. B. Clitherall, of Alabama, and W. P. Ritchie, of 
Virginia; were appointed Secretaries pro tern. 

Mr. B. P. Hallett, of Massachusetts, asked that before further pro- 
ceedings, the call of the Convention should be read, which was done by 
the Secretary. It is as follows : 

^^o^ed, That the next Democratic National Convention be held at Cincinnati, in the State of 

to ^".nl' 7^''^ '" constituting the future National Convention, the Democratic Committee, in order 
gates' r^sinX'^w/n?f''r°n"'' ^'"'f' '"°^ ^'^'' ^^=^" be entitled to tw.ce the numbe'r of dele- 
frr«n,ipritr,f?ff,°/'il^ ""''"''' ""^^ «« more ; and the Democratic Committee, in making 
faSeloThe delegaterelect. "°''"''' Convention, provide such number of seats, and secure thi 

Hon. A. P. Edgerton, of Ohio, Chairman of the Committee of 
Arrangements, handed to the President a list of the Delegates elected 
where seats were not contested, which was as follows : 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



List of Delegates to the Democratic National Convention, 
Held at Cincinnati, June 2d, 1856. 



MAINE. 



Wyman B. S. Moor, 
William K. Kimball, 
John C. Talbot, jr., 
Samuel Watts, 
Dudley F. Leavitt, 
Benjamin Wiggin, 
Jonathan Smith, 
John Babson, 



Waterville, 

Paris, 

Lubec, 

Thomaston, 

Bangor, 

Bangor, 

Portland, 

Wiscasset. 



I A. B. Chase, 
[Isaac Tyler, 
Israel R. Bray, 
F. T. Lally, 
Andrew Masters, 
A. G. Chandler, 
Israel Chadbourne, 
George Parcher, 



NEW HAMPSHIRE. 



Harry Hibbard, Bath, 

Joseph H. Smith, Dover, 

John H. George, Concord, 

B. F. Ayer, Manchester, 

Chas. Levi Woodbury, Portsmouth. 



Henry B. Rust, 
George Bowers, 
Horatio Kimball, 
Jonas Livingston, 
Robert Ingalls, 



D. A. Sm alley, 
J. P. Kidder, 
C. G. Eastman, 
Bradley Barlow, 
Robert Harvey, 



Benjamin F. Butler, 
Charles G. Greene, 
N. J. Lord, 
Whiting Griswold, 
S. B. Phinney, 
James D. Thompson, 
Alden S. Loud, 
E. P. Hathway, 
Ezra S. Conant, 
Henry P. Henshaw, 
Patrick Riley, 
Isaac Adams, 
Benjamin F. Hallett, 



Wm. B. Lawrence, 
Ariel Ballon, 
Peleg W. Gardiner, 
Alfred Anthony, 



James T. Pratt, 
Colin M. Ingersoll, 
Joel W. White, 
E. A. Phelps, 
Heman H. Barbour, 
Alvan P. Hyde, 



VERMONT. 



Burlington, 
West Randolph, 
Montpelier, 
Fairfield, 
Barnet. 



Tappan Stevens, 
John Cain, 
Lyman P. White, 
Isaac B. Bowdish, 
P. S. Benjamin, 



MASSACHUSETTS. 



Lowell, 

Boston, 

Salem, 

Greenfield, 

Barnstable, 

New Bedford, 

Abington, 

Randolph, 

Newton, 

Boston, 

Boston, 

Boston. 



James Cheever, 
George B. Loring, 
Albert J. Currier, 
Chas. H. Peaslee, 
W. W. Pierce, 
Fisher A. Hildreth, 
W. Fessenden, 
Isaac Davis, 
George W. Gill, 
Stephen C. Bemis, 
Calvin Tincey, 
James S. Whitney, 
Henry H. Childs, 



RHODE ISLAND. 



Newport. 
Woonsocket, 
Providence, 
Do. 



H. J. Burroughs, 
Wm. J. Miller, 
Elisha R. Potter, 
Albert S. Gallup, 



CONNECTICUT. 



Rock Hill, 

New Haven, 

Norwich, 

Nh. Colebrook, 

Hartford, 

Tolland. 



James Gallagher, 
Sam'l. Ingham, 
John P. C. ISIather, 
Peleg C. Child, 
John C. Smith, 
Wm. D. Bishop, 



Dover, 

Farmington, 

Kingfield, 

Gardiner, 

Hallowell, 

Calais, 

York, 

Ellsworth. 



Wolfeboro', 
Nashua, 
Keene, 
Claremont, 



Newbury, 

Rutland, 

Whiting, 

Swanton, 

Wolcott. 



Boston, 

Salem, 

Newburyport, 

Boston, 

Charlestown, 

Lowell, 

Townsend, 

Worcester, 

Worcester, 

Springfield, 

Palmer, 

Springfield, 

Pittsfield, 



Providence, 
Bristol, 
Kingston, 
Providence. 



New Haven, 

Essex, 

New London, 

Nh. Woodstock, 

Sharon, 

Bridgeport. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



NEW JERSEY 



Wm. Cook, 
Alfred Hugg, 
J. S. Darsey, 
E. R. V. Wright, 
Wm. Hanna, 



Bordentown, 
Camden, 
Newark, 
Hudson City, 
Camden, 



Ephraim E. Sheppard,Bridgeton, 
Garrett S. Cannon, Bordentown. 



Wm. D. Davis, 
Arch. Osburn, 
Ingham Coryell, 
Jacob Vanatta, 
John Hooper, 
Simeon Harrison, 
Charles Fink, 



Freehold, 

Asbury, 

Lambertsville, 

Morristown, 

Paterson, 

Orange, 

Jersey City. 



PENNSYLVANIA. 



Arnold Plummer, 


Franklin, 


John G. Brenner, 


Philadelphia, 


Henry D. Foster, 


Greensburg, 


Orrin Jones, 




D. R. Porter, 


Harrisburg, 


Thomas J. Roberts, 


Philadelphia. 


James L. Reynolds, 


Lancaster, 


John Rutter, 


West Chester, 


Edwai-d G. Webb, 


Philadelphia. 


Charles D. Manley, 


Media, Del. Co 


John McCarthy, 


Do. 


John D. Stiles, 


Allenlown, 


Jas. C. Vandyke, 


Do. 


Ed. Nicholson, 


Bucks County, 


C. McKibben, 


Do. 


J. Glancy Jones, 


Reading, 


John Robbins, jr., 


Kensington, 


P. K. Miller, 


Do. 


Chas. W. Carrigan, 


Philadelphia, 


Jacob Forney, 


Kittanning, 


Joseph Lippincott, 


Do. 


.John L. Dawson, 


Brownsville, 


Andrew Burke, 


Pittsburg, 


C. L. Ward, 


Towanda, 


Samuel W. Black, 


Pittsburg, 


W. F. Packer, 


Williamsport, 


M. C. Trout, 


Sharon, 


John H. Morrison, 




J. L. Gillis, 


Ridgway, 


Henry Welsh, 


York, 


J. Porter Branley, 


Meadville, 


John Stuart, 


Carlisle, 


A. S. Wilson, 


Lewistown, 


A. P. Lusk, 




H. B. Swan, 


Lancaster, 


.John Cessna, 


Bedford, 


Joseph B. Baker, 


Gap, 


John C. Everhart, 


Martinsburg, 


John Weidman, 


Lebanon, 


Richard White, 


Hemlock, 


J. M. Kreister, 


Harrisburg, 


Alex. McKinney, 


Greensburg, 


Wm. L. Dewar, 


Sunbury, 


William Hopkins, 


Washington, 


C. M. Straub, 


Poftsville, 


Charles Barnett, 


Pittsburg, 


H. B. Wright, 


Wilkesbarre, 


James A. Gibson, 


Allegheny Co. 


J. G. Montgomery, 


Danville, 


John N. McGuffin, 


New Castle, 


John N. Hutchison, 


Easton, 


J. Y. James, 


Warren, 


H. B. Beardsly, 


Honesdale 


Wilson Laird, 


Erie. 


W. E. Piolett, 


Wyson. 







DELAWARE. 



George Riddle, 
Gove Salisbury, 
Willard Salisbury, 



Wilmington. 

Dover. 

Georgetown. 



Wm. H. Ross, 
James A. Bayard, 
H. Ridgley, 



Seaford. 

WilmingtOQ. 

Dover. 



MARYLAND. 



R. B. Carmichael, 
Walter P. Snow, 
William D. Merrick, 
Nathaniel Cox, 
Cathill Humphreys, 
James A. Stewart, 
John A. J. Creswell, 
Otho Scott, 



Snow Hill. 
Allen's Fresh, 
Baltimore. 
Salisbury. 
Cambridge. 
Elkton, Cecil Co. 
Belle Air. 



James M. Buchanan, 
William Byrne, 
Rob't M. McLane, 
C. J. M. Gwinn, 
J. Thompson Mason, 
S. Lewis Lowe, 
Edward Hammond, 
John A. B. Leonard. 



Baltimore, 
Baltimore. 
Baltimore. 
Baltimore. 
Annapolis. 
Frederick City, 
Ellicott's Mills. 
Poolesville, 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



VIRGINIA. 



T. S. Bocock, 
E. W. Hubbard, 
W. H. Clark, 
W. P. Thompson, 
John P. Barbour, Jr., 
B. W. Jackson, 
J. G. Jenkins, 
M. R. H. Garnett, 
Paulus Powell, 
R. K. Meade, 
Wm. B. Shands, 
H. T. Hopkins, 
George Booker, 
Samuel C. AVilliams, 
Fayette McMullen, 



Wm. S. Ashe, 
R. R. Heath, 
Wm. Sloan, 
J. T. Cranberry, 
M. Silby, 
Wm. J. Yates, 
T. D. McDowall, 
Burton Craige, 
Thos. L. Clingman, 



F. W. Picking, 
J. Gadberry, 

B. H.Wilson, 

C. W. Dudley, 
W. D. Porter, 
C. McBeth, 



Appomattonc.h. 

Curdsville, 

Scottsburgh, 

Retreat, 

Alexandria. 

Parkersburg. 

Green Bottom. 

Loyds,Essex Co. 

Amherst 0. h. 

Petersburg. 

Southampton. 

Macon, Powhatn 

Hampton. 

Woodstock, 

Rye, Scott Co. 



J. W. H. Underwood, 
M. J. Wellborn, 
John E. Ward, 
R. F. Lyon, 
W. K. DeGraffenried, 
Charles Murphy, 
Aug. R. Wright, 
H. Strickland, 
A. S. Atkinson, 
John J. Cary, 



John Forsyth, 
R. Chapman. 
David ilubbaixl, 
John Cochran, 
Julius Hcssee 
Boiling Hall, 
A. B. Clitherall, 
H. D. Smith, 
„. J. Burnett, 



iEppa Hunton, 
[Thomas M. IsbeH, 

J. Randolph Tucker, 
iChas. W.Russell, 
jjames Nelson, 
ij. L. Carr, 
i Eustace Conway, 

James A. Seddon, 
|R. A. Banks, 
[Lewis E. Harris, 
;W. H. Edwards, 

M. W.Fisher, 

Archibald Graham, 

A. A. Chapman, 
■John B. Floyd, 



NORTH CAROLINA. 



Wilmington. 

Edonton. 

Dallas. 

Woodville. 

Lake Landing. 

Fayetteville. 



W. W. Avery, 
Bedford Brown, 
H. G. Williams, 
F. A. Thornton, 
John Morrison, 
A. J. Stafford, 



Elizabethtown. ! J. W. Neal, 
Salisbury. jj. B. Gordon, 

Asheville. \j. T. Lewis, 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Edgefield c. h. jB. H. Brown 
Unionville. 



Georgetown. 
Bennettsville 



Charleston. 



J. L. Manning, 
J. D. Allen, 
James Fari'ow, 
F. J. Moses, 
E. G. Palmer, 



GEORGIA. 



Rome. 

Columbus. 

Savannah. 

Albany. 

Macon. 

Decatur. 

Rome. 

Hightower. 

Langsbury. 

Macon. 

ALAB 

Mobile. 

Huntsville. 

Kenlock. 

Eufala. 

Mobile. 

Montgomery 

Carrollton. 

Florence. 

Greenville. 



James Gardner, 
L. Stephens, 
A. H. Colquitt, 
Hugii Buchanan, 
J. W. Lewis, 
Wm. H. Hull, 
A. E. Cochran, 
J. T. Irvin, 
R. J. Conout, 
J. L. Rowland, 

AMA. 

James R. Powell, 
James B. Martin, 
J. W. Portiss, 
A. L. Milligan, 
J. B. Tate, 
R. H. Clements, 
Thos. H. Hobbs, 
W. Acklin, 
H. W. Nelson, 



Brentsville, 
Rippon, Jeff. CO. 
Winchester, 
Wheeling. 
Fairmount. 
Kanawha c. h. 
Fredericksburg 
Goochland Co. 
Madison c. h. 
Mattoac Depot. 
Baileysburg. 
Eastville. 
Lexington. 

Abington. 



Morgantown. 

Locust Hill. 

Hubbardstown. 

Macon Depot. 

Carthage. 

Winston. 

Lawsonville. 

AVilkesboro. 

Faulkner. 



Barnwell. 

Fulton. 

Barnwell. 

Spartanburg. 

Sumpterville. 

Winnsboro. 



Augusta. 

Sparta. 

Newton. 

Newnan. 

Cartersville. 

Athens. 

Brunswick. 

Washington. 

Atlanta. 

Cartersville. 



Montgomery. 

Talladega. 

Suggsville, 

Geneva, 

Uchee, 

Tuscaloosa, 

Athens, 

Huntsville. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



LOUISIANA. 



E. LaSere, 
P. Soule, 
"W. W. Pugh, 
Chas. G. McHatton, 
P. A. Moise, 
W. S. Parham, 



New Orleans. 
New Orleans. 
Assumption. 
Baton Rouge, 
Natchitoches. 
Richmond. 



A. Derbis, 
Thos Cottman, 
F. H. Hatch, 
Alexander Mouton, 
0. D. Block, 
John L. Lewis. 



New Orleans. 
Donaldsonville. 
Darlington. 
Vermillionyille. 

Minden. 



W. A. Harris, 
E. D. Bevitt, 
James S. Greene, 
A. W. Lamb, 
P. H. McBride, 
William Shields, 
R. H. Stevens, 
S. R. Shrader, 
John S. McCracken, 



MISSOUEL 

Bowling Green. Thomas B. English, Jackson. 

St. Charles. [Joseph Coffman, St. Genevieve. 

Canton. | Thomas B. Hudson, St. Louis. 

Hannibal. jD. D. Berry, Springfield. 

Columbia. Ferdinand Kennett, Old Mines. 

Lexington. AV. Watson, Georgetown. 

Bellemonte. James Craig, St. Joseph. 

Liberty. John S. Phetps, Springfield. 

Jefi"erson City. Stark Manzey. Brownville. 



:[NDIANA. 



Wm. Rockhill, 
John Pettit, 
Jos. W. Chapman, 
John L. Robinson, 
Turner Nelson, 
John C. Hebertt, 
P. M. Kent, 
D. S. Huffs tetter, 
R. W. Aiken, 
S. P. Mooney, 
C. O'Brien, 
A. Davidson. 
James Elder, 



Fort Waj'ne. 

Lafayette. 

Madison. 

Rushville. 

Mt. Vernon. 

Vincennes. 

New Albany. 

Orleans. 

Bloomington. 

Brownstown. 

Lawrenceburg. 

Greensburr 

Richmond. 



James Osborn, 
Alex. F. Morrison, 
Franklin Hardin, 
G. T. Cookerly, 
Wm. M. Franklin, 
S. W. Telford, 
M. D. Manson, 
A. A. Whitlock, 
N. 0. Ross, 
G. W. McConnell, 
;. IJ. W. Borden, 
J. R. Slack, 
W. Ryan, 



Fairfield. 

Indianapolis. 

Glenns Valley. 

Terre Haute. 

Spencer. 

Lafayette, 

Crawfordsville. 

Peru. 

Angola. 
Fort Wayne. 
Huntington. 
Anderson. 



OHIO. 



Samuel Medary, 
Henry B. Paine, 
James B. Stedman, 
C. L. Vallandigham, 
Washington McLean, 
J. L. Vattier, 
J. J. Quinn, 
Joseph Cooper, 
M. C. Ryan, 
R. S. Cunningham, 
G. V. Dorsey, 
J. Counts, 
J. G. Haley, 
M. C. Whitley, 
John W. Bell, 
George W. Hamer, 
J. M. Smith, 
T. L. Carothers, 



Columbus. 

Cleveland. 

Toledo. 

Dayton. 

Cincinnati. 

Cincinnati. 

Cincinnati. 

Glendale. 

Hamilton. 

Eaton. 

Piqua. 

Sidney. 

Napoleon. 

Hillsboro. 
Georgetown. 
London. 
Wilmington. 



L. W. Safford, 
Wm. Medill, 
B. P. Hewitt, 
Lewis Evans, 
W. A. Delaplaine, 
H. C. Brumback, 
John Mack, 
D. B. Austin, 
J. A. Marchand, 
M. Hoagland, 
Eli Miller, 
H. J. Jewett, 
Amos Layman, 
Wm. Lawrence, 
Jas. R. Morris, 
Geo. W. Belden, 
R. 0. Hammond, 
Arthur Hughes, 



Chillicothe. 

Lancaster. 

McArthur, 

Newark. 

Circleville. 

Mt. Gilead. 

Shelby. 

Wooster. 

Millersburg. 

Mt. Vernon. 

Zanesville. 

Marietta. 

Washington, 

Woodsfield. 

Canton. 

Akron. 

Cleveland. 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



John A. Cor-win, 
James Wood, 
M. P. Bean, 
George W. Glick, 
J. W. Davis, 



Urbana. 

Bucyrus. 
Tremont. 
Portsmouth. 



D. E. Paige, 
R. P. Ranny, 
S. W. Gil son, 
W. H. Gill, 
Geo. W. McCook, 



Madison. 
Warren. 
Canfield. 
New Lisbon. 
SteubenTille. 



MISSISSIPPI. 



C. E. Dyke, 
J. R. Brooks, 

D. L. Yulee, 



Powhattan Ellis, 


Natchez. 


W. W. H. Linn, 


Houston. 


E. Barksdale, 


Jackson. 


W. L. Balfour, 


Vernon. 


0. R. Singleton, 


Canton. 


G. A. Sykes, 


Austin. 


James Drane, 


Bankston. 


J. A. Orr, 


Houston, 


G. F. Neill, 


Carrollton. 


Wm. A. Stone, 


Monticello. 


Jacob Thompson, 


Oxford. 


Sampson Parks, 




A. G. Brown, 


Newtown, 


A. M. Clayton, 


Marshall Co. 




TEXAS. 




R. B. Hubbard, 


Tyler. 


Wm. S. Oldham, 


Austin. 


Matt Ward, 


Jeiferson. 


H. P. Bee, 


Laredo. 


W. C. Pollock, 


Nacogdoches. 


Jacob Wallder. 


San Antonio 


Wm. Fields, 


Galveston. 

FLOI 


Guy M. Bryan, 
IIDA. 


Brazona. 



Tallahassee. IJohn H. Parkhill, Tallahassee. 

Pensacola. iS. St. George Rodgers, Ocola. 

Homasassa. [J. T. May bee, Tampa. 



TENNESSEE. 



Thomas C. Lyon, 
E. L. Gardenliire, 
W. E. Travis, 
W. M. Lowrey, 
J. D. Goodpasture, 
H. M. Colquitt, 
Lewis Shepherd, 
Austin Miller, 
B. M. Moore, 
E. G. Eastman, 
Jacob Miller, 
W. W. Ferguson, 



Knoxville. 

Sparta. 

Manleyville. 

Greeneville. 

Livingston. 

Chickamanga. 

Bolivar. 

Lawrenceburg. 

Nashville. 

Yellow Stone. 

Carthage. 



AV. B. Bate, 
T. W. Newham, 
J. H. Thomas, 
Thomas M. Jones, 
S. P. Allison, 
M. A. Quarles, 
T. J. Freeman, 
B. F. Lamb, 
J. Knox Walker, 
L. C. Waggoner, 
John C. Ramsey, 
A. J. Vaughen, 



Gallatin. 

Winchester. 

Columbia. 

Pulaski. 

Nashville, 

Clarksville. 

Trenton. 

Paris. 

Memphis. 

Franklin. 

Knoxville. 

Madisonville. 



KENTUCKY. 



J. P. Bates, 
Jas. H. Garrard, 
C. A. AVickliflfe, 
J. P. Martin, 
Levy Tyler, 
B. L. Clarke, 
J. C. Breckinridge, 
Beriah Magoffin, 
Wm. Preston, 
T. C. McCreery, 
L. Desha, 
Nath'l. S. Strange, 



Glasgow, 

Danville, 

Bardstown, 

Prestonsburg, 

Louisville, 

Franklin, 

Lexington, 

Harrodsburg, 

Louisville, 

Owensboro', 

Smith's Grove. 



B. Spalding, 
Luther Branner, 
German Baker, 
L. B. Dickerson, 
E. Whitaker, 
J. C. Mason, 
J. W. Stevenson, 
G. B. Cook, 
John Chapeze, 
R. B. J. Twyman, 
S. Garfield, 
W. E. Frazer, 



Lebanon, 

Boonville, 

Shelbyville, 

Georgetown, 

Maysville, 

Owingsville, 

Covington, 

Princeton, 

Greenville, 

Paducah, 

Paris, 

Columbia. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



ILLINOIS. 



J. A. Mattison, 
Wm. A. Richardson, 
T. L. Harris, 
J. W. Singleton, 
H. B. L. Steward, 
J. C. Walker, 
L. F. Ross, 
J. L. McCormier, 
R. W. English, 
S. Y. Baldwin, 
W. Cockle, 
C. T. Gibbs, 



Springfield, 

Quincy, 

Pettesburg, 

Chicago, 

Bloomington, 

Lewiston, 

Jacksonville, 

Alton, 

Decatur, 

Peoria, 

Griggsville. 



[John S. Hacker, 
It. R. Young, 
W. B. Ficklin, 
H. W. Dorse tt, 
Wm. R. Morrison, 
J. B. Danforth, jr.. 

B. F. Fredley, 
J. M. Campbell, 

C. H. Lamphier, 
T. S. Hick, 

C. J. Houseman, 



Cairo, 

Marshall, 

Charleston, 

Waukegan, 

Waterloo, 

Rock Island, 

Macomb, 
Springfield, 
New Haven, 
Rockford. 



Nelson Dewey, 
Paul Juneau, 
James B. Cross, 
Satterlee Clarke, 
H, J. Shultyes, 



WISCONSIN. 



Cassville, 
Juneau, 
Milwaukee, 
Green Lake, 

Schlersingerville, 



Sam'l. Crawford, 
Horace T. Saunders, 
M. J. Thomas, 
W. J. Gibson, 
Beriah Brown, 



Mineral Point, 
Racine, 
Fond du Lac, 
La Crosse, 
Madison. 



T. S. Wilson, 
W. F. Coolbaugh, 
C. J. McFarland, 
J. C. Ramsey, 



IOWA. 



Dubuque, 
Burlington, 

Agency City. 



D. H. Solomons, 
A. T. Walling, 
R. M. Evans, 
Bernhart Henn, 



Glenwood, 
Keokuk, 
Iowa City, 
Fairfield. 



MICHIGAN. 



W. F. Story, 
F. C. Whipple, 
John P. Cook, 
A. E. Campbell, 
C. C. Chatfield, 
M. E. Crofoot, 



Detroit, 

Howell, 

Hillsdale, 

Battle, 

Eaton Rapids, 

Pontiac. 



Wm. Hale, 
•J. S. Barry, 
J. G. Thurber, 
.Jacob Beeson, 
Geo. W. Peck, 
Ebenezer Warren, 



Detroit. 

Constantine, 

Monroe, 

Niles, 

Lansing, 

Saut St. Marie. 



R. M. Gaines, 
J. N. Embree, 
C. A. Carroll, 
R. E. Jackson, 
J. P. Johnson, 



AEKANSAS. 

Gaines Landing 1 John Hutt, 
Pine Bluff. John S. Roame, 



Fort Smith, 
Valley Grove, 



T. B. Flournoy, 
C. Caldwell, 



Little Rock, 
Pine BluS; 
Laconice, 
Madison, 



P. C. Rust, 
Sam'l. H. Dosh, 
D. E. Buel, 
J. H. Hill. 



CALIFORNIA. 



Marysville, 
Shasta, 
Colema, 
Sonoma, 



P. L. Solomon, 
J. Lancaster Brent, 
J. N. Dawley, 
S. W. Inge, 



Sonora, 
Los Angelos, 
Nevada, 
San Francisco, 



10 PROCEEDINGS OP THE 



Mr. McLane said: "I have been requested by the Committee of 
Arrangements to place in the hands of the Temporary Chairman of 
this Convention a list of the delegates elected. I have also been re- 
quested to state that two papers have been presented to that Committee 
by two different delegations from the State of New "York. The gentle- 
men composing the Committee of Arrangements desire to communi- 
cate to the Convention that they have regarded all papers Avhich on 
their face bear jmma facie evidence of the regular election of the per- 
son presenting them, as entitling those persons to seats in this hall. 
They considered it their duty to issue tickets to all delegates who pre- 
sented themselves with such prima facie evidence of election by the 
people. By this rule, when the tState of Missouri presented itself the 
Committee issued tickets to those who presented this prima fade evi- 
dence that they were delegates elect. Another set, also claiming seats, 
presented themselves from the State of Missouri ; but as in the opinion 
of the committee they did not present the necessary prima facie evidence 
of election, tickets were refused to them. The same governed in the 
case of New York, as in that of others bearing prima facia evidence of 
election. The New York delegations could not but be regarded as in 
the same position as the delegations from other States which presented 
the names of more than two delegates for each electoral vote. The same 
thing was, therefore, required of New York as was required of the Mis- 
sissippi delegation — that the delegation should select the proper number 
to take seats on this floor. Mississippi complied with that requirement. 

There are now here the proper number of delegates to occupy the 
seats assigned to Mississippi, though there are in the city over sixty 
members elected delegates from that State. 

A Member — Eighty. 

It was the pleasure of the delegations from New York to intimate 
that such an arrangement would not be altogether satisfactory, though 
the committee does not understand that the arrangement was peremp- 
torily declined. I am requested by the committee to state it would 
with great pleasure have given tickets to the whole of the one hundred 
and forty delegates presenting themselves from the State of New York, 
if the committee could in any way have selected seventy members to 
occupy the seats assigned to New Y'ork. I desire only to say in con- 
clusion, from the Committee of Arrangements, that both sets of dele- 
sates from New York are without, and demand admission to this hall. 
(Applause). 

Samuel Medary was then escorted to the chair, amid much applause; 
and addressed the Convention in the following terms : 

I can only return thanks to the Convention for the temporary honor 
it has conferred upon me by selecting me to preside over its prelimi- 
nary deliberations. All that I can offer in return for the honor of the 
position in which you have placed me, will be to the best of my ability, 
to preserve that order which is so necessary on such occasions. While I 
am not a new visitor to conventions of this kind, I am yet new to the 
position in which your kindness has placed me. I have been a dele- 
gate to National Conventions, when the Eepublic extended but little 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. jj 



beyond tlie city in which we are now assembled, I was a delegate to 
the first Convention that nominated General Jackson for the Presi- 
dency. I was then, as now, one of the representatives of the Demo- 
cratic party of the nation. It is now a grand party, grasping in its 
arms the shores of the two oceans of the world. In this Convention 
delegates are present from the Atlantic slope and the shores of the wide 
Pacific — thus^ manifesting in an unmistakable form, the progress of 
Democratic institutions and constitutional government. These 
are the institutions and this the government which it is om- 
mission to defend and maintain. I repeat, that as long as we are 
governed by written constitutions and written laws, we should observe 
that deportment both personal and political, which will justify the 
expectation that we are capable of self-government. It is true that in 
governments like ours, we may expect temporary ebulitions of popu- 
lar excitement. Like the great ocean, they cannot always be still. 
There cannot be a perpetual calm. We may sometimes expect tlie 
storms which purify the atmosphere. 

Gentlemen, I will not detain you. I can only say that my highest 
purpose in accepting this unexpected promotion, is to perform the 
duties which it imposes on me, faithfully and impartially to all. 

And now, while there is a brief silence and calm, allow me gentlemen, 
to introduce the Keverend Mr. Nicholson, who will address the Throne 
of Grace in behalf of the Convention. 

The Eeverend Mr. Nicholson, of the Episcopal Church, offered up 
the following 

PEAYEE ; 

Eternal God, we, Thy helpless creatiu-es, desire to make our supplications 
w/m '''m^^' '^^°^ ^^^^ glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders. 
While Thy tender mercies are over all Thy works. Thou art of purer eyes than 
to behold iniquity, and Thou puttest away the wicked like dross. The very 
heavens, we are assured, are not clean in Thy sight. Wherewith, then, shall we 
come before the Lord, and bow ourselves before the High God f For we have 
erred and strayed from Thy ways like lost sheep. We have followed too much 
the devices and desires of our own hearts. We have offended against Thy 
holy laws. We have left undone those things which we ought to have done, and 
we have done those things which we ought not to have done, and there is no 
health m us. But oh ! what infinite love Thou hast manifested towards us ' for 
Thou hast revealed to us the way of salvation through the death and sacrifice 
our of Lord .Jesus Christ, Thine Eternal Son; in whom whoseverbelieveth with 
the heart shall not die eternally. Oh, Lord God, for the sake of Thine only Son, 
have mercy upon us, miserable offenders. Spare Thou those who confess their 
tau ts. Restore Thou those who are penitent, according to Thy promises 
declared unto mankind in Christ Jesus our Lord. And grant, most merciful 
i ather that hereafter we may lead a holy, righteous and sober life, to the 
glory of thy holy name. 

We approach Thee, Lord God, at this time in an especial manner, as the 
universal Ruler of men and things. Thou conduetest both in heaven and on 
earth after the counsel of Thine own will. Thou settest up one and Thou 
pullest down another. Thou art the Avenger of Thy truth on the nations that 
depart from Thy ways; while Thou art the Rewarder of all such as diligently 
seek ihee. God, bless our beloved land ! bless onr beloved land ! Let it not be 
said of us, Ah, sinful nation,a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evil-doers, 
children that are corrupters; they have forsaken the Lord, they have provoked 
the Holy One to anger, they are all gone away backward. But let integrity, ius- 
ice and the fear of God prevail in all our high places of authority. Rebuke 



22 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



throughout the land the daring spirit of infidelity insubordination, and of an 
excessive ■worldliness. Let truth and righteousness flow down all our streets, 
and the songs of the righteous be heard from all the habitations of the land. 

Most gracious God, we humbly beseech Thee, as for the people of these 
United States in general, so especially for those who, having come from all 
parts of our country, are here in convention assembled, that Thou wouldst be 
pleased to direct and prosper all their consultations to the advancement of 
Thy glory, the good of Thy Church, the safety, honor and welfare of Thy peo- 
ple; that all things may be so ordered and settled by their endeavors, on the 
best and surest foundations ; that peace and happiness, truth and justice, 
religion and piety, may be established among us for all generations. To 
these representatives of the views and interests of so large a proportion of our 
fellow-citizens throughout the land, give a readiness of mind to follow the 
counsels of wisdom and experience; take from them all self-conceit, and 
shield their virtue from the assaults of the world, the flesh and the devil. 
These and all other necessaries for them, for us and Thy whole Church, we 
humbly beg in the name and mediation of Jesus Christ, our most blessed Lord 
and Savior. 

Almighty God, unto whom all hearts are open, all desires known, and from 
whom no secrets are hid, cleanse the thoughts of our hearts by the inspira- 
tion of Thy Holy Spirit, that we may perfectly love Thee and worthily mag- 
nify Thy holy name, through Christ our Lord. 

Direct us, Lord, in all our doings, with Thy most gracious favor, and 
further us with Thy continual help, that in all our works begun, continued 
and ended in Thee, we maj"^ glorify Thy holy name, through Jesus Christ our 
Savior. 

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be Thy name, Thy kingdom come, 
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give as this day our daily 
bread; forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trepass against us; 
lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil, for Thine is the king- 
dom and the power, and the glory for ever and ever. 

The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the fellowship of 
the Holy Ghost be with us all evermore. Amen. 

Mr. Brown of Mississippi, offered a resolution that seats be tendered 
to the delegates and alternates more than the several States are entitled 
to, and have allotted to them without the bar. He stated that there 
were vacant places within the Convention, and it was desirable that 
the delegates should have an opportunity of consulting their friends, 
and that all who came should participate in the great patriotic object 
for which they were assembled. 

Mr. Thomas L. Harris, of Illinois, suggested that there would not 
be seats enough for them, and proposed to modify the motion so as to 
refer the selection of such as should have seats, to the Committee of 
Arrangements. 

After some discussion, on motion, the resolution was for the present 
laid on the table. 

Thomas L. Harris, of Illinois, then proposed that a Committee of 
Credentials, to be composed of a delegate from each State in which 
there is no disputed delegation, to be designated by the delegation, be 
appointed, whose duty it shall be to report to the Convention the 
delegates that present the proper credentials, and are entitled to take 
their seats in this body. Adopted. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONYENTION. 13 



The several delegations then gave in the following names for the 
Committee on Credentials : 



Benjamin Wiggin, of Mame, 

John H. Geoi'ge, of New Hampshire, 

Bradley Barlo-w, of Vermont, 

James S. Whitney, of Massachusetts, 

G. S. Cannon, of New Jersey, 

Edward A. Phelps, of Connecticut, 

R. R. Heath, of North Caroli?ia, 

Wm. Acklin, of Alabama, 

J. Lancaster Brent, of California, 

G. F. Neal, of Mississippi, 

G. M. Bryan, of Texas, 

F. H. Hatch, of Louisiana, 

James B. Stedman, Ohio, 

John W. Stevenson, of Kentuchj, 

James H. Thomas, of Tennessee, 



H. B.Wright, oi Pennsylvania, 
James A. Bayard, of Delaivare, 
Otho Scott, of Maryland, 
Heni'y J. Burroughs of Rhode Island, 
M. R. H. Garnett, of Virginia, 
Samuel W. Telford, of Indiana, 
Calvert Caldwell, oi Arkansas, 
Albert W. Lamb, of 3fissouri, 
James Gardiner, of Georgia, 
Franklin J. Moses, of South Carolina, 
Thomas L. Harris, of Illinois, 
William Hale, oi Michigan, 
David L. Yulee, of Florida, 
Bernhardt Henn, of Iowa, 
Paul Juneau, of Wiscotisin, 



Immediately after the election of President 2)ro fern, a number of per- 
sons without tickets of admission, had thrust aside the door-keeper and 
rushed into the hall, claiming that they were delegates from Missouri. 
They had taken possession of the vacant seats assigned to New York. 

When the members to compose the Committee on Credentials were 
announced, one of those claimants from Missouri arose and said that 
he had not heard Missouri called. 

Mr. Eichardson, of Illinois, said : Mr. President, I have no desire to 
interfere in the affairs of another State, but I must maintain, sir, that 
this Convention owes it to its dignity and self-respect that no person 
should be permitted to enter this hall, or take seats on this floor who 
has entered in defiance of the power of the door-keeper. I have no de- 
sire, sir, to enter into a discussion of the matter, but I declare it as my 
sentiment and opinion that this Convention owes it to itself, and to its 
dignity, to protect itself from insult. 

The President — I would inform the gentlemen from Missouri, with 
all kindness, but with all determination, that according to the rules of 
the Convention, seats have been provided for the delegations from each 
State, and that only such as have tickets from the Committee of 
Arrangements are admitted to seats on this floor. The delegates hav- 
ing tickets have quietly and peaceably taken their seats. The tempo- 
rary chairman cannot recognize any gentlemaTi who is not entitled to 
a seat under these rules. 

The claimant from Missouri — Mr. President — 

[Cries of " Order ! order !"] 

The President — Let me say a few words, and if I am out of order 
some one will doubtless correct me. I hope the claimants that have 
gained admission to the Convention, from Missouri, without tickets, 
will listen to the voice of an individual who certainly has no wish to 
injure them or prejudge their case. These gentlemen must apply to the 
Committee on Arrangements. That is the only application they can 
make as the Convention is at present organized. I hope they will 
abide by this rule. 



# 



14 



PROCEELINGS OF THB 



The Missouri claimant — The delegation from Missom-i cheerfully 
bows to the decision of the Convention. And the whole contesting 
delegation arose and retired from the Convention. 

Mr. Bocock, of Virginia, called attention to the terms of the resolu- 
tion offered by Mr. Harris, whereupon the Missouri delegation to whom 
seats had been given, withdrew the name of Mr. Lamb, as a member of 
the Committee on Credentials, until the Convention should pass upon 
the contested seats from that State. 

C. A. Wicldiff, of Kentucky, renewed the resolution, similar to that 
offered by Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, to allow alternates seats in the 
body. 

After some discussion said resolution was withdrawn. 

Mr. Stedman, from Ohio, presented an invitation from the Young 
Men's Mercantile Library Association, tendering the use of their hall 
and library to the delegates of the convention. 

Mr. McCook, of Ohio, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved That a committee of one from each State be selected by the respective delegations, and 
whose duty it shall be to select permanent oflicers of the Convention. Adopted. 

The respective delegations announced the members to act as said 
Committee as follows : 



Maine, J. C. Talbot, jr. 
New Hampshire, H. B. Rust. 
Vermont, Robert Harvey, 
Georgia, Alfred H. Holford. 
Massachusetts, Isaac Davis. 
Alabama, John Forsyth. 
Rhode Island, A. S. Gallup, 
Mississippi, E. Barksdale, 
Connecticut, P. C. Childs, 
New Jersey, Charles Fink, 
Pennsylvania, John L. Dawson, 
Delaware, Dr. C. Caldwell, 
Louisiana, P. A. Moise, 
Ohio, G. V. Dorsey, 
Kentucky, B. L. Clarke, 



Tennessee, J. K. Walker, 
Maryland, James M. Buchanan, 

Virginia, Paulus Powell, 
North Carolina, James B. Gordon, 
South Carolina, Charles McBeth, 
Indiana, P. M. Kent, 
Illinois, T. R. Young, 
Missouri, John S. Phelps, 
Arkansas, R. M. G:.ines, 
Michigan, J. G. Thurber, 
Florida, Charles E. Dyke, 

Texas, R. P. Hubbard, 
Iowa, James C. Ramsey, 

Wisconsin, Wm. J. Gibson, 

California, P. C. Rust. 



Mr. McCook, of Ohio, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Committee on Organization be instructed to report rules for the Government 
of this Convention; and that in the meantime the rules of the last Convention be the rules of this 
body. Adopted. 

Mr. Hallett, of Massachusetts, offered the following : 

Resolved, That a Committee, of one delegate from each State, to be selected by the delesation 
thereof, be appointed to report resolutions, and that all resolutions in relation to the Platform of 
the Democratic Party, be referred to said Committee, on presentation, without debate. 

Mr. Bayard, of Delaware, moved to lay the resolution on the table. 
Carried. 

Mr. Butler of Mass., demanded that the vote to lay the resolution, 
offered by him, on the table, be taken by States, and the States voted as 
follows : 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



15 



Yeas. — Connecticut, 6 ; New Jersey, 7 ; Pennsylvania, 27 ; Dela- 
vrare, 3 ; Maryland, 8 ; South Carolina, 8 ; Mississippi, 7; Arkansas, 
4 ; Michigan, 6 ; Texas, 4; Iowa, 4 ; Wisconsin, 5. Total, 84. 

Nays. — Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 
13 ; Rhode Island, 3 ; Virginia, 15 ; North Carolina, 10 ; Georgia, 
10; Alabama, 9; Louisiana, 6; Ohio, 23; Kentucky, 12; Tennessee, 
12 ; Indiana, 13 ; Illinois, 11 ; Missouri, 9 ; Florida, 3; California, 
4. Total, 177. 

The chair decided the motion to lay on the table lost. On motion the 
resolution was then adopted, and the following delegates were selected 
for the Committee on Resolutions : 



Maine, A. G. Chandler, 
Ifew Hampshire, B. F. Ayer, 

Vermont, Charles G. Eastman, 
Massachusetts, Benjamin. F. Hallett, 
Delaware, W. Salisbui-y, 
Maryland, C. J. M. Gwinn, 

Virginia, A. A. Chapman, 
North Carolina, W. S. Ashe, 
South Carolina, C. W. Dudley, 

Georgia, A. R. Wright, 
Alabama, John Cochran, 
Mississippi, Jacob Thompson, 
Louisiana, Pierre Soiile, 

Ohio, C. L. Vallandigham, 
Kentucky, B. MagofEin, 



Rhode Island, Wm. B. Lawrence, 
Connecticut, A. B. Hyde, 
JVew Jersey, E. R. V. Wright, 
Pennsylvania, J. G. Jones, 
Tennessee, W. A. Quarles, 
Indiana, J. L. Robinson, 
Illinois, 0. B. Ficklin, 
Missouri, Thomas B. Hudson, 
Arkansas, John Hutt, 
Michigan, W. F. Story, 
Florida, S. St. George Rodgers, 
Texas, H. P. Bee, 
Iowa, Thomas S. Wilson, 
Wisconsin, S. Clarke, 
California, S. W. Inge. 



Mr. Black, of Pennsylvania, moved to reserve the front seats in the 
galleries for the use of the ladies. 

On motion of Mr. Pettit, the motion was laid on the table. 

And then the Convention adjourned until ten o'clock, A. M., to- 
morrow. 



SECOND DAY'S PROCEEDING. 



Cincinnati, June 3, 1856. 

The Convention was called to order precisely at ten o'clock, by the 
pro tern. President, ^amuel Medary. Excellent order prevailed at the 
opening of the session, and the temper of the members appeared calm 
and sedate. 

The President — The first thing in order will be the report of the 
Committee on Permanent Organization. If ready to report, the Con- 
vention will now receive it. 

J. L. Dawson, of Pennsylvania — The Committee appointed to re- 
commend suitable persons for permanent officers of this Convention, 
respectfully report the following : 



16 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



FOB PRESIDENT OF THE CONVENTION, 

Hon. JOHN E.WARD, of Georgia. 

FOE VICE-PBESIDENTS, 



Jonathan Smith, of Maine, 
Charles L. AVoodbury, New Hampshire. 
Jefferson P. Kidder, Vermont. 
Henry H. Childs, Massachusetts. 
Peleg W. Gardner, Rhode Island. 
James T. Pratt, Connecticut. 
John S. Darsey, New Jersey. 
Arnold Plummei", Pennsylvania. 
Wm. H. Ross, Delaware. 
C. Humphries, Maryland. 
Robert A. Banks, Virginia. 
Bedford Brown, North Corolina. 
B. H. Brown, South Carolina. 
Dr. John W. Lewis, Georgia. 
David Hubbard, Alabama. 



Wm. L. Balfour, Mississippi. 
Alex. Mouton, Louisiana. 
George W. Belden, Ohio. 
Levi Tyler, Kentucky. 
Thomas C. Lyon, Tennessee. 
William Rockhill, Indiana. 
Joel A. Mattison, Illijiois. 
John S. Roame, Arkansas. 
M. E. Crofoot, Michigan. 
J. T. Maybee, Florida. 
Matthew Ward, Texas. 
P. H. McBride, Missouri. 
C. J. McFarland, Iowa. 
Nelson Dewey, Wisconsin. 
J. H. Hill, California. 



FOR SECRETARIES. 



Wm. K. Kimball, Maine. 

H. Kimball, New Hampshire. 

Isaac B. Bowditch, Vermont. 

J. C. Abbott, Massachusetts. 

Wm. J. Miller, Rhode Island. 

Wm. D. Bishop, Connecticut. 

Wm. Hanna, New Jersey. 

John N. Hutchison, Pennsylvania. 

Amos Layman, Ohio. 

Samuel Williams, Kentucky. 

Jacob Miller, Tennessee. 

James Elder, Indiana. 

C. H. Lamphier, Illinois. 

Daniel D. Berry, Missouri. 

R. E. Jackson, Arkansas. 



W. P. Snow, Maryland. 

Wm. F. Ritchie, Virginia. 

H. G. Williams, North Carolina. 

B. H. Wilson, South Carolina. 
H. Buchanan, Georgia. 
Julius Hessee, Alabama. 

A. Derbis, Louisiana. 

W. W. H. Dixon, Mississippi. 

C. C. Chatfield, Michigan. 
J. R. Brooks, Florida. 
W. C. Pollock, Texas. 

A. T. Walling, Iowa. 
A. T. Gray, Wisconsin. 
J. N. Dawley, California. 



The Committee further recommends that the rules and regulations 
adopted by the National Democratic Convention in 1852, be adopted 
by this Convention for its government. 

JOHN L. DAWSON, Chairman. 

J. Knox Walker, Secretary. 

On motion of Mr. Bordan, of Indiana, the report was unanimously 
adopted. 

The Chair then appointed Mr. Dawson, of Pennsylvania, and Mr. 
Yulee, of Florida, to conduct the President elect to the chair. 

Before taking his seat, the President addressed the Convention as 
follows : 

Gentlemen of the Convention : The summons to preside over your delibera- 
tions is as unexpected as it is grateful to me. The distinguished gentleman 
who yesterday presided, the connecting link between the past and the present, 
carried us back to that period in our history when the Democratic party 
assembled to give into the hands of its favorite son, its standard to go forth to 
battle against a noble and gallant party. That party, with the issues which 
then divided us, have passed away. Many of its leaders, one by one, have 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 17 

stolen to their silent resting place, filled with years and honors, mourned by 
political friends and political foes. 

" How sleep the brave, who sink to rest 
With all their countries' honors blest, 
When Spring, with dewey fingers cold, 
Returns to deck their hallowed mold, 
She there shall find a sweeter sod 
Than Fancy's feet have ever trod. 
There Honor comes, a pilgrim gray, 
To deck the mold that wraps their clay; 
And Freedom for a while repair 
To dwell a weeping hermit there." 

Many of that noble party who still survive are with us to-day. They are 
with us in our deliberations, and they are prepared to go forth with us to 
battle in behalf of the Constitution and the Union. Why, why, then, gentle- 
men of the Convention, with this party passed away, and these issues settled, 
why are we environed with difiRculties, and surrounded with dangers before 
unknown? Our land is convulsed with factions. The one, recreant to the 
Constitution, would build a wall around our country, and give a home to the 
exile who seeks our shores, only on condition that he renounce all the privi- 
leges which are dear to freemen ; a party which, in the pride of power, 
assumes to dictate to the consciences of men, and which would allow no man 
to be fit to serve his country who bowed not with them at the same altar. 

The other faction — more dangerous only because it is more numerous — 
has liberty emblazoned on its banners and deadly treason festering in its 
heart. It is engaged in an unholy crusade against the Constitution, which 
has so long maintained its hold on the affections of the people, in tl>e fond 
hope that they may involve in one common ruin all the glorious recollections 
of the past, and all our proud anticipations of the future. Insignificant and 
contemptible in itself, it is formidable only for its tendency to unite with all 
other factions in their opposition to a party which makes no concessions, 
courts no alliances, asks no affiliations. 

From the shores of the Pacific, from the mountains of the North, from the 
plains of the South, from the valleys of the West, delegates have come up to- 
day to present a platform and to select a standard bearer in the great con- 
test against these factions. Uniting as a band of brothers around the altar 
of our common country, let us lay upon that altar, as a willing sacrifice, our 
personal aspirations, our sectional prejudices, and above and beyond all, our 
private friendships. 

With an abiding confidence that the kindness which has summoned me to 
this place, will sustain me in the performance of its duties, and will genei'- 
ously pardon my errors, I assume the trust committed to me. 

The Vice Presidents and Secretaries were then invited to take seats 
on the stand. 

Mr, J. A. Bayard, of Delaware, submitted the following : 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

Yonr Committee proceeded yesterday, after the adjournment of the 
Convention, in the performance of the duty assigned to them, and find 
that all the States of the Union, except the State of New York, are 
represented in the Convention by delegates duly elected in the several 
States, by State or District organizations of the Democratic party, and 
they append to this I'eport, as part thereof, full lists of the delegates 
so elected. 

There were contesting claimants of the seats held by the delegation 
A 



X8 * PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



from Missouri, wlio claim to be admitted either in part or in whole as 
delegates from the same State. 

The following gentlemen, claiming to he the regular delegation from 
the Democracy of Missouri, had, on prima facia evidence, been 
assigned seats in the Convention by the Committee of Arrangements 
viz : 

Wm. A. Harris, E. D. Bevitt, James S. Green, A. W. Lamb, P, 
H. McBride, Wm. Shields, K. H. Stephens, S. R. Shrader, John S. 
McCracken, Thos. B. English, Joseph Coffman, Thomas B. Hudson, 
D. D. Berry, Fred. Kennett, Dr. W. Watson, James Craig, John S, 
Phelps, and were represented before the committee by Messrs. Green 
and Phelps. 

The contesting parties who claimed seats were B. Gratz Brown, 
Barton Able, P. J. McSherry, Stephen Rice, S. J. Lowe, Jacob Hall, 
Logan Clarke, John M. Richardson, A. McCoy, John D. Stevenson, 
Thomas L, Price, John C. W^alker, Patrick H. Davis, Madison Miller, 
P. Harney, J. S. Foy, George Smith and Samuel Simmons, and were 
represented before the committee by Messrs. Price and Brown. 

The committee deem it unnecessary to recapitulate the arguments 
and statement of facts of either side, and confine themselves to the con- 
clusion to which they have arrived. 

After hearing fully the representatives of each contesting delegation, 
the following resolution was unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That the Democratic delegates from the State of Missouri, represented before the Com - 
mittee by Messrs. Green and Phelps, are the duly elected delegates of the Democracy of Missouri, 
and are entitled to their seats in the National Convention, to the exclusion of the contesting claim- 
ants, represented by Messrs. Price and Brown. 

The length of time occupied in hearing the parties to the contested 
seats in Missouri has prevented any hearing of the two sets of delegates 
from New York, who claim respectively to represent the Democracy 
of New York, but that hearing has been commenced this morning, and 
will be concluded as speedily as justice to the parties will permit, and 
be made the subject of a further report. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 

June 3, 1856. J. A. BAYARD, Chairman. 

On motion of Mr. C. T. McFarland of Iowa, the report of the Com- 
mittee was, amid great applause, unanimously concurred in, and the 
delegates from Missouri holding seats were declared entitled to the same, 
to the exclusion of their contestants. 

Mr. Bayard asked, in behalf of the Committee on Credentials, that 
they be allowed 1o sit during the session of the Convention, which was 
granted. 

Mr. Green, of Missouri, moved that the name of A. W. Lamb be 
now added to those of the Committee on Credentials. Adopted. 

A delegate from Alabama moved a resolution to admit the delegates 
from the District of Columbia into the Convention, to participate in 
the deliberations and action of the Convention. 

Mr. Twyman, of Kentucky, was opposed to the delegates from the 
District of Columbia, who had no votes for the Presidency, partici- 
pating in the action of the Convention. He had no objection to their 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 29 

admission, as lookers-on, in the hall. He moved to lay the resolution 
on the table. 

Mr. Thomas L. Harris, of Illinois, endeavored to address the Con- 
vention on this question, but the Chair decided that he was not in 
order. 

Mr. Harris said that he did not wish to discuss the question ; he 
merely wished to read a telegraphic despatch which he held in his hand, 
announcing that the Democracy of the District of Columbia had carried 
the election in Washington by a handsome majority. (Great applause 
and hurrahs.) 

The motion to lay upan the table the resolutions admitting the dele- 
gates from the District of Columbia, was then put and adopted by a 
large majority. 

Mr. Brown, of Mississippi, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the seats in the galleries of this hall be declai-ect vacant, and that the National 
Democi-atic Convention divide them, pro rata, annnj; the States and Territories, and issue ticketa 
accordingly and deliver them to the delegations from the several States ; Provided, that no more 
persons be admitted than can be conveniently and safely accommodated. 

Mr. Mickle of New Jersey offered the following amendment : 

Resolved, That the galleries on the right of the President be appropriated exclusively for the use 
of tlie ladies, and gentlemen accompanying them. 

Mr. Avery, of North Carolina, moved to lay the resolution and 
amendment on the table. The votes by States being called for, resulted 
as follows : 

Yeas. — Massachusetts, 13; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New 
Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 21 ; Delaware, 3; North Carolina, 10; South 
Carolina, 8; Georgia, 6; Louisiana, 6 ; Ohio, 12 ; Tennessee, 12; In- 
diana, 13; Illinois, 11; Arkansas, 4; Michigan, 6; Texas, 4; Iowa, 
4; Wisconsin, 5; California, 4. Total, 159. 

Nays. — Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; Pennsylvania, 6; 
Maryland, 8; Virginia, 15; Georgia, 4 ; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7 ; 
Ohio, 12; Kentucky, 12; Missouri, 9; Florida, 3. Total, 103. 

And the resolution and amendment were laid on the table. 

Mr. Meade, of Virginia; moved that a ticket of admission be issued 
to Mr. D. B. Layne, a delegate to the Convention, whose ticket had 
been lost. Adopted. 

Judge Mason, of Maryland, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved. That the galleries be cleared, and that the Committee on Organization be instructed to 
issue three tickets to each delegate of the Convention, for distribution. 

Mr. Mason modified the resolution by inserting one instead of three. 

Mr. Hubbard, of Iowa, moved to lay the resolution on the table, A 
call by States being made, resulted as follows : 

Yeas. — New Hampshire, 5; Massachusetts, 13, Rhode Island, 4; 
Connecticut, 6; New Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 27, Delaware, 3; North 
Carolina, 11; South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 6; Louisiana, 6; Illinois, 11; 
Missouri, 9; Michigan, 6; Texas, 4; Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 2; Califor- 
nia, 4. , Total, 136. 



20 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Nays.— Maine, 8; Vermont, 5; Maryland, 8; Virginia, 15, Georgia, 
4; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Ohio, 24; Kentucky, 12; Tennessee, 12; 
Indiana, 13; Arkansas, 4; Florida, 3; Wisconsin, 2. Total, 126. 

And the resolution was laid on the table. 

Mr. Singleton, of Mississippi, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the galleries of this hall be declared free to all spectators. 

Mr. Wilson, of Iowa, offered the following amendment : That the 
question of admission of persons to seats in the galleries, be referred to 
the Committee on Organization, with directions to adopt some eajial 
and just plan for the admission of persons from the several States ; 
and that said Committee report to the Convention as early as prac- 
ticable. 
. On motion the resolution and amendment were laid on the table. 

Mr. Moore, of Maine offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Committee of Arrangements be instructed to issue no more tickets of admis- 
sion to this hall, without the special order of this Convention. 

Mr. Pettit, of Indiana, moved that the galleries be cleared, which 
motion was lost. 

Mr. Vallandigham, of Ohio, moved to refer the resolution of Mr. Moore, 
of Maine, and all other resolutions on the subject, to the Committee of 
Arrangements. 

Mr. McMullen, of Virginia, moved to lay the resolution on the table- 
Carried. 

Mr. Thompson, of Mississippi, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Committee on Airangemonts be instructed to admit Mr. J. W. McDonald tc- 
his seat as reporter from Mississippi. Adopted. 

After several motions to amend, and considerable debate with refer- 
ence to the galleries, 

Mr. McLane, of Maryland, said — Gentlemen of the Convention, I 
desire to say, on behalf of the Committee of Arrangements, that in 
this hall it is absolutely impossible to seat a number of persons greater 
than the number that has been provided for. I will state further, that 
it was not the design of the Committee originally to apply the gal- 
leries to the use of the press. It was designed to seat the reporters for 
the various newspapers on the platform on each side of the President. 
Tliat was the arrangement made for the press. If gentlemen will look 
at the platform and consider that, in the plan of organization now 
adopted, room must be made for three Vice-Presidents, and thirty -one 
Secretaries, they will see that the press had as large a space as possible 
devoted to their use. I would remark that over three hundred appli- 
cations were made for tickets by gentlemen, under the style of repor- 
ters for the press. In very few cases was it believed that these were 
efficient reporters of the proceedings of this Convention. In very few 
cases did they profess to be so. They simply professed to be attached to 
corps of reporters. The Committee of Arrangements, of which I am 
not a member, but which I have been requested to represent on this 
floor, deemed it proper that these gentlemen should be admitted as 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 21 

reporters, and have seats in the galleries as sucli. The Committee did 
not think it ought to take the responsibility of saying to these gentle- 
men who pi'ofessed to be reporters of the press, that they conld not 
have seats when there was a place for them. But they imderstood very 
well that it was the right of the Convention when organized to appro- 
priate the galleries to its own use. It is idle to suppose that the Con- 
%'ention has no such right. But it is the misfortune of this Conven- 
tion that there is no hall in the city of Cincinnati suitable for its ac- 
commodation. 

With these views I have suggested to the honorable member from 
Mississippi, and to the Convention, that this resolution be withdrawn, 
and that the Committee of Arrangements be instructed to issue new 
tickets for the galleries, under the direction of the President. The pre- 
sent gallery tickets will be cancelled after to-day. This suggestion was 
adopted, and the Committee so instructed. 

D. C. Buel, of California, moved that the Convention appoint one 
Seargant-at-Arms, and two deputies, for the Convention. 

Dr. Cottman, of Louisiana, suggested that the Committee of Ar- 
rangements appoint these officers. 

Some one else proposed that the President make these appointments. 
Adopted. 

Mr. McMullen, of Virginia, moved that the Convention, when it 
adjourns, adjourn to to-morrow at 10 o'clock, A. M. Adopted. 

A letter of invitation to use their hall, was read from the Young 
Men's Democratic Association ; also, a letter from the Horticultural 
Society of Ohio, inviting the members to attend their exhibition on 
Elm street, on Thursday next. 

Judge Clitherall, of Alabama, moved a resolution that each delegate, 
when addressing the Convention, should proceed to the stand and ad- 
dress the body from that place. Rejected. 

On motion of Hon. J. L. Dawson, of Penn., the Convention took 
a recess until four o'clock. 

AFTERNOON SESSION. 

At 4 o'clock the President called the Convention to order. 

Hilliard Salisbury, of Delaware — Mr. President, I desire to state 
that, as I am informed, there are now in Cincinnati fifteen or twenty 
members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United 
States, who have come here with the expectation of witnessing, or 
participating in this Convention, I offer this resolution: 

Resolved, That the Democratic members of the Senate and House of Kepresentatives of the 
United States, who may be in Cincinnati during the session of the Convention, are invited to 
take seats on the platform and floor of the Convention. 

Mr. Chapman, of Alabama — I move to amend, by inviting the mem- 
bers of the different State Legislatures who may be now in the city. 

After some debate, Mr. Avery ofN. C, said — As this Convention 
has no time to send out and collect the balance of mankind, I move to 
lay the resolution and amendments on the table. 

The motion to lay them on the table was carried. 



22 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Mr. Petit, of Indiana — I desire to inquire, for I have been informally 
informed that such is the case, whether the Committee on Resolutions 
is ready to report. If they are ready I desire to move that they be 
permitted to report. 

Mr. Wilson — The Chairman of the Committee on Resolutions, is 
absent from his seat, and, therefore, cannot answer. I am informed, 
however, that the Committee will not be prepared to report till 
to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. 

Mr. P. C. Child of Connecticut, said — Mr. President, I wish members 
of this honorable body, assembled from all sections of the country, to 
set apart a short period for communing with each other, and telling 
each other their experience in the Democratic church. Certainly, the 
time not devoted to the business which has called us hither, could not 
be more usefully or profitably employed. I stand here, sir, in this 
National Convention, composed of delegates from the democracy of 
every State of our glorious confederacy, a representative of the State 
of Connecticut — a representative from the county of Wyndham, more 
commonly called " Wolf Den" county, the county which was the 
residence of that ever-to-be-remembered hero who fought shoulder to 
shoulder with the patriots of North Carolina, and the patriots of South 
Carolina, in that revolutionary struggle by which was achieved the 
freedom we now enjoy. It will be remembered here, on this occasion, 
when we have again assembled in a spirit of harmony and fraternity, 
■in the defense of a common cause, and the pursuit of a common 
object, that South Carolina was one of the immortal Thirteen. It 
will also be remembered Connecticut, the State which I have the 
honor to represent was also one of the immortal Thirteen, My object 
in introducing this resolution is for the purpose of allowing time for the 
different delegations from the various paits of this great Union, to com- 
pare notes with each other. I hope, as there is nothing else to occupy 
the time and attention of this body, that an opportunity will be pre- 
sented for the accomplishment of this purpose, and for allowing mem- 
bers to tell their experience in the different States of the confederacy." 

Mr. Child's resolution was one of invitation to the delegates from 
the various States, to give their views on the present state of parties. 
The resolution was not acted on. 

Mr Phelps, of Missouri, proposed a resolution that the Committee 
on resolutions be authorized to have their report printed so that it 
could be laid before all the members, and made the order of the Con- 
vention to-morrow. 

Mr. Hallett, of Massachusetts, stated that there would be one more 
meeting of the Committee, that the resolutions were nearly all agreed 
upon, and that steps had already been taken to have the resolutions 
printed, and that they would be reported to-morrow at 10 o'clock. 

On motion of Mr. Petit, of Indiana, the Convention then adjourned 
■till to-morrow, Wednesday, June 4, at 10 o'clock, A. M. 



ATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 23 

THIRD DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. 

Morning Session, June 4, 1856. 

At ten o'clock the Convention was called to order by tlie President, 
General Ward. 

After waiting some time, Mr. Stewart, of Maryland, called the 
attention of the Convention to the necessity of transacting business in 
its regular order, and as speedily as possible. He supposed the report 
of the Committee on Resolutions was first in order, and if so, he would 
now call for it. 

Mr. Hallett, (who had ascended the platform) said — He would state 
that the Committee is prepared to make its report as soon as the 
Convention is ready to receive it. 

[Voices. — Now ! Now !] 

The President. — The Convention must come to entire order before 
the Chairman will proceed to read the resolutions. 

The Conv'ention having come to order, Mr. Hallett said: 

I have been instructed, as the Chairman of the Committee on reso- 
lutions, to report to this Convention the platform of resolutions which 
they have adopted. I am also instructed by the Committee to say 
that the portion of the resolutions which relates toKanzas and Nebras- 
ka, and those propositions concerning the administration of the Gen- 
eral Government, have been adopted by the Committee with entire 
imanimity, every member from every State having signified his perfect 
acquiescence in these resolutions. There is another and very important 
class of resolutions, relating to the foreign policy of the country. 
While these resolutions have been recommended by the Committee as 
as a portion of the platform, it is proper to state that they were not 
adopted with entire unanimity. I am also instructed to report a reso- 
lution, as recommended by the Committee, concerning communica- 
tion between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. 

With these explanations I shall proceed to read the resolutions: 

REPORT OP THE COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS. 

The Committee on Resolutions, by their Chairman, Mr. Hallett, of Massachusetts, 
submit the following Report: 

Resolved, That the American Democracy place their trust in the intelligence, 
the patriotism, and the discriminating justice of the American people. 

Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive feature of our political creed, 
which we are proud to maintain before the world, as the great moral element, 
in a form of government springing from and upheld by the popular will ; and 
we contrast it with the creed and practice of Federalism, under whatever 
name or form, which seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and which 
conceives no imposture too monstrous foi the popular credulity. 

Resolved, therefore. That, entertaining these views, the Democratic party of 
this Union, through their Delegates assembled in a general Convention, coming 
together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the doctrines and faith of a free 
representative government, and appealing to their fellow-citizens for the recti- 



24 PKOCEEDINGS OF THE 



tude of their intentions, renew and re-assert before the American people, the 
declarations of principles avowed by them when, on former occasions in 
general Convention, they have presented their candidates for the popular 
suffrages. 

1. That the Federal Government is one of limited power, derived solely 
from the Constitution ; and the grants of power made therein ought to be 
strictly construed by all the departments and agents of the government ; and 
that it is inexpedient and dangerous to exercise doubtful constitutional 
powers. 

2. That the Constitution does not confer upon the General Government the 
power to commence and carry on a general system of internal improvements. 

3. That the Constitution does not confer authority upon the Federal Govern- 
ment, directly or indirectly, to assume the debts of the several States, con- 
tracted for local and internal improvements, or other State purposes; nor would 
such assumption be just or expedient. 

4. That justice and sound policy forbid the Federal Government to foster 
one branch of industry to the detriment of any other, or to cherish the inte- 
rests of one portion to the injury of another portion of our common country; 
that every citizen and every section of the country has a right to demand and 
insist upon an equality of rights and privileges, and to complete an ample 
protection of persons and property from domestic violence or foreign aggres- 
sion. 

5. That it is the duty of every branch of the Government to enforce and 
practice the most rigid economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no 
more revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray the necessary 
expenses of the Government, and for the gradual, but certain extinction of 
the public debt. 

6. That the proceeds of the public lands ought to be sacredly applied to the 
national objects specitied in the Constitution ; and that we are opposed to any 
law for the distribution of such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpe- 
dient in policy and repugnant to the Constitution. 

7. That Congress has no power to charter a national bank ; that we believe 
such an institution one of deadly hostility to the best interests of the country, 
dangerous to our republican institutions and the liberties of the people, and 
calculated to place the business of the country within the control of a concen- 
trated money power, and above the laws and the will of the people; and that 
the results of Democratic legislation in this and all other financial measures 
upon which issues have been made between the two political parties of the 
country, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of all parties, their 
soundness, safety, and utility, in all business pursuits. 

8. That the separation of the moneys of the Government from banking 
institutions is indispensable for the safety of the funds of the Government, 
and the rights of the people. 

9. That we are decidedly opposed to taking from the President the qualified 
veto power, by which he is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities 
amply sufficient to guard the public interests, to suspend the passage of a bill 
whose merits cannot secure tlie approval of two-thirds of the Senate and 
House of Representatives, until the judgment of the people can be obtained 
thereon, and which has saved the American people from the corrupt and tyran- 
nical domination of the Bank of the United States, and from a corrupting 
system of general internal improvements. 

10. That the liberal principles embodied by Jefferson in the Declaration of 
Independence, and sanctioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land 
of liberty, and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been 
cardinal principles in the Democratic faith, and every attempt to abridge the 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 25 



privilege of becoming citizens and the owners of soil among us, ought to be 
resisted with the same spirit which swept the alien and sedition laws from 
our statute books. 

And, Whereas, Since the foregoing declaration was uniformly adopted by 
our predecessors in National Conventions, an adverse political and religious 
test has been secretly organized by a party claiming to be exclusively Ame- 
rican, it is proper that the American Democracy should clearly define its 
relation thereto, and declare its determined opposition to all secret political 
societies, by whatever name they may be called. 

Resolved, That the foundation of this union of States having been laid in, 
and its prosperity, expansion, and pre-eminent example in free government, 
built upon entire freedom in matters of religious concernment, and no re- 
spect of person in regard to rank or place of birth ; no party can justly be 
deemed national, constitutional, or in accordance with American principles, 
which bases its exclusive organization upon religious opinions and accidental 
birth-place. And hence a political crusade in the nineteenth century, and in 
the United States of America, against Catholic and foreign-born, is neither 
justified by the past history or the future prospects of the country, nor in 
unison with the spirit of toleration and enlarged freedom which peculiarly 
distinguishes the American system of popular government. 

Resolved, That we reiterate with renewed energy of purpose, the well con- 
sidered declarations of former Conventions upon the sectional issue of Domes- 
tic Slavery, and concerning the reserved rights of the States. 

1. That Congress has no power under the Constitution, to interfere with or 
control the domestic institutions of the several States, and that such States 
are the sole and proper judges of everything appertaining to their own affairs, 
not prohibited by the Constitution ; that all efforts of the abolitionists, or 
others, made to induce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to 
take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to lead to the most 
alarming and dangerous consequences; and that all such efforts have an in- 
evitable tendency to diminish the happiness of the people, and endanger the 
stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to be countenanced by 
any friend of our political institutions. 

2. That the foregoing proposition covers, and was intended to embrace, the 
whole subject of slavery agitation in Congress; and therefore, the Democratic 
party of the Union, standing on this national platform, will abide by and 
adhere to a faithful execution of the acts known as the Compromise measures, 
settled by the Congress of 1850; " the act for reclaiming fugitives from ser- 
vice or labor," included; which act being designed to carry out an express 
provision of the Constitution, cannot, with fidelity thereto, be repealed, or so 
changed as to destroy or impair its efficiency. 

3. That the Democratic party will resist all attempts at renewing, in Con- 
gress or out of it, the agitation of the slavery question under whatever shape 
or color the attempt may be made. 

4. That the Democratic pai-ty will faithfully abide by and uphold, the prin- 
ciples laid down in the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions of 1798, and in 
the report of Mr. Madison to the Virginia Legislature, in 1790: that it adopts 
those principles as constituting one of the main foundations of its political 
creed, and is resolved to carry them out in their obvious meaning and import. 

And that we may more distinctly meet the issue on which a sectional party, 
subsisting exclusively on slavery agitation, now relies to test the fidelity of 
the people, north and south, to the Constitution and the Union — 

1. Resolved, That claiming fellowship with, and desiring the co-operation of 
all who regard the preservation of the Union under the Constitution as the 



26 PROCEKDINGS OF THE 



paramount issue — and repudiating all sectional parties and platforms con- 
cerning domestic slavery, ■which seek to embroil the States and incite to trea- 
son and armed resistance to law in the Territories; and whose avowed pur- 
poses, if consummated, must end in civil war and disunion. The American 
Democracy recognize and adopt the principles contained in the organic laws 
establishing the Territories of Kansas and Nebraska as embodying the only 
sound and safe solution of the "slavery question" upon which the great na- 
tional idea of the people of this whole country can repose in its determined 
conservatism of the Union— Non-Interference by Congress with Slavery in 
State and Territory, or in the District of Columbia. 

2. That this was the basis of the Compromises of 1850— confirmed by both 
the Democratic and Whig parties in national Conventions — ratified by the 
people in the election of 1852 — and rightly applied to the organization of 
Territories in 1854. 

3. That by the uniform application of this Democratic principle to the 
organization of territories, and to the admission of new States, with or with 
out domestic slavery, as they may elect — the equal rights of all the States 
will be preserved intact — the original compacts of the Constitution maintained 
inviolate — and the perpetuity and expansion of this Union insured to its 
utmost capacity of embracing, in peace and harmony, every future American 
State that may be constituted or annexed, with a republican form of govern- 
ment. 

Resolved^ That we recognize the right of the people of all the Territories, 
including Kansas and Nebraska, acting through the legally and fairly ex- 
pressed will of a majority of actual residents, and whenever the number of 
their inhabitants justifies it; to form a Constitution, with or without domestic 
slavery, and be admitted into the Union upon terms of perfect equality with 
the other States. 

Resolved, finally. That in the view of the condition of popular institutions in 
the Old World (and the dangerous tendencies of sectional agitation, combined 
with the attempt to enforce civil and religious disabilities against the rights 
of acquiring and enjoying citizenship, in our own land) — a high and sacred 
duty is devolved with increased responsibility upon the Democratic party of 
this country, as the party of the Union, to uphold and maintain the rights of 
every State, and thereby the Union of the States ; and to sustain and advance 
among us constitutional liberty, by continuing to resist all monopolies and 
exclusive legislation for the benefit of the few, at the expense of the many, 
and by a vigilant and constant adherence to those principles and compromises 
of the Constitution, which are broad enough and strong enough to embrace 
and uphold the Union as it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall 
be, in the full expansion of the energies and capacity of this great and pro- 
gressive people. 

1. Resolved, That there are questions connected with the foreign policy of 
this country, which are inferior to no domestic question whatever. The time 
has come for the people of the United States to declare themselves in favor of 
free seas and progressive free trade throughout the world, and, by solemn 
manifestations, to place their moral influence at the side of their successful 
example. 

2. Resolved, That our geographical and political position with reference 
to the other States of this continent, no less than the interest of our commerce 
and the development of our growing power, requires that we should hold as 
sacred the principles involved in the Monroe Doctrine: their bearing and 
import admit of no misconstruction ; they should be applied with unbending 
rigidity. 

3. Resolved, That the great highway which nature, as well as the assent of 
the States most immediately interested in its maintainance, has marked out 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 27 

for a free commiinication between the Atlantic and the Pacific oceans, consti- 
tutes one of the most important achievements realized by the spirit of modern 
times and the unconquerable energy of our people. That result should be 
secured by a timely and efficient exertion of the control which we have the 
right to claim over it, and no power on earth should be suffered to impede or 
clog its progress by any interference with the relations it may suit our policy 
to establish between our government and the Governments of the States within 
whose dominions it lies. We can, under no circumstance, surrender our pre- 
ponderance in the adjustment of all questions arising out of it. 

4. Resolved, That, in view of so commanding an interest, the people of the 
United States can not but sj'mpathize with the efforts which are being made 
by the people of Central America to regenerate that portion of the continent 
which covers the passage across the Interoceanic Isthmus. 

5. Resolved, That the Democratic party will expect of the next Adminis- 
tration that every proper effort be made to insure our ascendancy in the Gulf 
of Mexico, and to maintain a permanent protection to the great outlets through 
which are emptied into its waters the products raised out of the soil, and the 
commodities created by the industry of the people of our Western valleys, 
and of the Union at large. 

B. F. HALLETT, Chairman. 

The following is the resolution with respect to overland communication with 
the Pacific : 

Resolved, That the Democratic party recognizes the great importance, in a 
political and commercial point of view, of a safe and speedy communication, 
by military and postal roads, through our own territory, between the Atlantic 
and Pacific coasts of this Union, and that it is the duty of the Federal Gov- 
ernment to exercise promptly ail its constitutional power for the attainment 
of that object. 

The reading of the resolutions on Know-Nothingism and the Kansas- 
Nebraska question was followed by long continued and enthusiastic 
applause ; in which everydelegation joined in the most earnest manner. 

Mr. Hallett — I am instructed by the Committee to lay these resolu- 
tions before the Convention. 

W. F. Packer, of Pennsylvania — I move that this report and resolu- 
tions be unanimously adopted, without the crossing of a ^ or the dot- 
ting of an i. 

[Great applause.] 

Mr. Conway, of Virginia — I move that there be a division of the 
question, and that the Convention first act upon the resolutions relat- 
ing to the domestic policy of the Nation. There were delegates here, 
especially from the State which he in part represented, who were not 
prepared to adopt all these resolutions ; and it would be necessary to 
divide the body on the resolutions. 

B. F. Butler, of Massachusetts — As this report is the unanimous 
result of the labors of a committee composed of delegates from all the 
States, and I believe embodies principles which have obtained the acqui- 
escence of all the Democrats in every part of our Union, I shall move 
the previous question. 



28 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



M. E. H. Grarnett, of Virginia — I rise to a point of order. A divi- 
sion of the question lias been asked by my colleague, tliat takes prece- 
dence. 

Mr. Grarnett : Before such resolutions are forced upon us — before 
tbey are forced upon the Democracy of the Old Dominion, which has 
steadily opposed the doctrines embraced in one of them — that Old 
Dominion which has never faltered in defense of the Democratic faith 
— before you force such resolutions upon us, I ask for a division of the 
question. 

Several members here arose and called to order, and insisted that 
there could be no debate pending a call for the previous question. 

Mr. Hibbard, of New Hampshire, said that the call for a division of 
the main question, under the rules of the House of Representatives, was 
in order after the previous question was demanded and sustained, and 
that any one member was entitled to have the main question divided. 

The President said that the previous question having been demanded, 
the question first in order was, shall the call for the previous qeestion 
be sustained? Then, if it was sustained, the question should be, shall 
the main question be now put? And if that was decided in the affirm- 
ative, the gentleman from Virginia was entitled to have the main 
question divided. 

Mr. Phelps, of Missouri — Mr. President, I desire to suggest that the 
right of a delegation from a State, which casts thirty-five votes upon 
this floor, to be admitted, has not been settled, and I would ask whether 
it is not premature to adopt the resolutions just read before New York 
is heard. I think it is, and I appeal to the gentleman from Massachu- 
setts to withdraw the call for the previous question, that I may move 
to postpone the further consideration of this platform until the New 
York contested case is decided. 

Mr. Butler refused to withdraw the call for the previous question. 

Mr. Avery, of North Carolina, moved that the Convention should 
first consider the resolutions reported, and acted upon by the commit- 
tee, disregarding the extra resolution relative to a public road. 

The Chair, however, would not entertain the motion, but the previ- 
ous question being seconded, was put to the body, and the body sus- 
tained it by a laige majority. The order was that the Convention 
would now vote upon the resolution relating to the domestic policy of 
the country. 

The call was for a vote by States. 

The States were severally called, and each delegation unanimously 
voted aye in favor of the resolutions. The Virginia and Mississippi 
delegations alone retired to consult, but returned with their unanimous 
approval of the resolutions. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 29 

Wlien the Nortli Carolina vote was announced, Mr. Avery, wto was 
the organ of the delegation, remarked, "North Carolina gives ten votes 
for the resolutions, and will give ten thousand in November." [Ap- 
plause.] 

When Alabama was called, Gov. Chapman cried out, " Alabama 
votes nine votes for the resolutions, and in November, as usual, she 
will roll up her fifteen thousand Democratic majority." [Cheers.] 

When Kentucky was called, the Hon. C. A. Wicklifte announced 
that Kentuckv gave her twelve votes for the resolutions, and all she 
could promise would be a majority in November next. [Loud ap- 
plause.] 

The President then announced that the several delegations had voted 
unanimously, to-wit : two hundred and sixty-one votes in favor of the 
resolutions reported by the committee relating to the domestic policy 
of the country. 

Mr. Wickliife — Before we are called on to vote on the remaining 
portions of the resolutions, I think we should have time from now till 
three o'clock, in order that in a pure air and a clear atmosphere we 
may look at them with some degree of deliberation, and appreciate the 
importance of our action in either accepting or rejecting them. 1 ask 
for my State a recess until 4 o'clock. Eejected. 

Mr. Phelps, of Mo., moved to adjourn to 4 o'clock. Lost, ayes 78, 
nays 193. 

Mr. Meade, of Virginia, moved a recess for one hour. If the vote 
was taken on the other resolutions without a recess, he should ask leave 
for the Vii'ginia delegation to retire, to consult for at least that time. 
Lost. 

Mr. Ingersoll, of Connecticut, demanded that under the division of 
the question, the remaining resolutions should be voted on separately. 

The President said that a vote upon each would be so taken. 

Mr. Meade, of Virginia, asked leave for the delegation to retire for 
the purpose of consultation as to their action upon the remaining reso- 
lutions. 

Leave was given by the Convention ; and the same was requested for 
the like purpose by the delegations of Maiyland and Missouri, which 
was acceded to. 

On motion of Mr. Barksdale, of Mississippi, the Convention took a 
recess nntil two o'clock. 



30 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



AFTERNOON SESSION JUN'E 4tH. 

The Convention met at two o'clock, and was called to order by the 
President. 

In conformity with the resolution empowering the President to 
appoint a Sergeant-at-arms and two assistants, the following appoint- 
ments were made : principal Sergeant-at-arms, George W. Palmer ; 
assistants, John R. Johnson and Stephen S. Ayres. 

Mr. Hibbard, of New Hampshire, moved to reconsider the vote on 
the first part of the report of the Committee on Resolutions, and that 
said motion be laid on the table. The motion prevailed unanimously. 

The Chair then proceeded to take the vote on the questions relative 
to foreign policy. The first resolution was as follows : 

1. Resolved, That there are questions connected with the foreign policy of this country which 
are inferior to no domestic questions whatever. The time has come for the people of the United 
States to declare tliemselves in favor of free seas and progressive free trade throughout the 
world, and, by solemn manifestations, to place their moral influence at the side of their successful 
example. 

The vote by States being called, the following States voted unani- 
mously in the affirmative : 

Maine 8, New Hampshire 5. Vermont 5, Massachusetts 13, New 
Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 27, Virginia 15, North Carolina 10, South 
Carolina 8, Louisiana 6, Ohio 23, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Missouri 9, 
Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Florida 3, Texas 4, Iowa 4, W^isconsin 5, 
Kentucky 12. 

The following States divided : Connecticut — 1 aye, 5 nays ; Tennes- 
see — 11 ayes, 1 nay. The following States voted in the negative : 
Rhode Island 4, Delaware 3, Maryland 6, Georgia 10. 

The Chair proclaimed the resolution adopted, by 230 ayes, 29 nays. 

The second resolution, which is as follows, was then voted on by 
States : 

■ 2. Resolved, That onr geogi-aphical and political position with reference to other States of this 
continent, no less than the interest of our commerce, and the development of our growing 
power, requires that we should hold as sacred the prin-ciples involved in the Monroe doctrine; 
their bearing and import admit of no misconstruction; they should be ajiplied with unbending 
rigidity. 

The following was the vote : 

Ayes — ^Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts 12, Con- 
necticut, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South 
Carolina, Georgia 6, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Ohio, Kentucky, 
Tennessee 11, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Arkansas, Michigan, Florida, 
Texas, Iowa, Wisconsin, California — 239. 

Nays — Massachusetts 1, Rhode Island 4, Delaware, Maryland, Geor- 
gia 4, Tennessee 1 — 21. 

C. A. Wickliffe, of the Kentucky delegation, asked leave to change 
their vote on first resolution from the negative to the affirmative. 
Granted. [Applause.] 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. gj 



The Mississippi delegation asked leave to change their vote to the 
affirmative, which was granted. [Applause.] 

The vote was then taken on the following resolution : 

3. Resolved, That the great highway which nature, as well as the assent of the States most 
iminediately interested in its maintenance, has marked out for free communication between the 
Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans, constitutes one of the most important achievments i-ealized by 
the spirit of modern times and the unconquerable energy of our people. That result should be 
secured by a timelj' and efficient exertion of the control which we have the right to claim over it, 
and no power on earth should be suffered to impede or clog its progress by any interference with 
the relations it may suit our pohcy to establish between our government and the governments of 
the States within \vhos8 dominions it lies. We can, under no cuxumstances surrender our pre- 
ponderance in the adjustment of all questions arising out of it* 

Ayes — Maine 7, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts. Connec- 
ticut 4, New Jersey, 7, Pennsylvania 27, North Carolina 10, Greorgia 
10, Alabama 9, Mississippi 7, Tennessee 7, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, 
Missouri 9, Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Florida 3, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wis- 
consin 5, California 4, Louisiana 6, Ohio 23 — 180. 

Nays — Maine 1, Rhode Island 4, Connecticut 2, Delaware 3, Marv- 
land 6, Virginia 15, South Carolina 8, Kentucky 12, Tennessee 5 — 56. 

The vote by States was then taken on the following resolution : 

Resolved, That in view of so commanding an interest, the people of the United States cannot 
but sympathize with the efforts which are being made by the people of Central America to regen- 
erate that portion of the continent which covers the passage across the Interoceanic Isthmus. 

Ayes — ^Maine 8, New Hampshire 5, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 13, 
Connecticut 4, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 27, Virginia 15, North 
Carolina 9, Georgia 10, Alabama 9, Mississippi 7, Louisiana 6, Ohio 
23, Tennessee 10, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Missouri 9, Arkansas 4, 
Michigan 6, Florida 3, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, California 4 — 
221. 

Nays — Rhode Island 4, Connecticut 2, Delaware 3, Maryland 6, 
North Carolina 1, South Carolina 8, Kentucky 12, Tennessee 2— 38. 

The vote was then taken by States, on the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the Democratic party will expect of the next administration that every proper 
effort will be made to insure our ascendency in the Gulf of Mexico, and to maintain a permanent 
protection to the great outlets through which are emptied into its waters the products raised out 
of the soil, and the commodities created by the industry of the people of our Western valleys and 
the Union at large. 

Ayes — Maine 7, New Hampshire 5, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 11, 
Connecticut 4, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 27, Virginia 15, North 
Carolina 9, Georgia 10, Alabama 9, Mississippi 7, Louisiana 6, Ohio 
23, Kentucky 12, Tennesssee 9, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Missouri 9, 
Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Florida 3, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, 
California 4—229. 

Nays — ^Maine 1, Massachusetts 2, Rhode Island 4, Connecticut 2, 
Delaware 4, Maryland 8, North Carolina 1, South Carolina 8, Ten- 
nessee 3 — 33. 

The following resolution then coming up, H. Salisbury, of Dela- 
ware, moved to lay it on the table : 

Resolved, That the Democratic party recognizes the great importance, in a political and com- 
mercial point of view, of a safe and speedy communication by military and postal roads, througjj 
our own territory, between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of this Union, and that it is the duj^ 
of the Federal Government to exercise promptly all its constitutional powers for the attainment „. 
hat object. "' 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



On this motion the vote was as follows : 

Ayes— Maine 1; New Hampshire 4, Massachusetts 17, Rhode Island 
4, Connecticut 6, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 27, Delaware 3, Vir- 
ginia 15, North Carolina 10, South Carolina 8, Georgia 6, Alabama 
(under protest of Judge Clitherall) 9, Mississippi 7, Ohio 16, Kentucky 
8, Tennessee 3, Florida 3 — 154 yeas. 

Nays — Maine 7, New Hampshire 1, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 12, 
Maryland 6, Georgia 4, Louisiana 6, Ohio 6, Kentucky 4, Tennessee 9, 
Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Missouri 9, Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Texas 4, 
Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, California 4 — 120 nays. 

So the resolution was laid on the table. 

Mr. Colquitt, of Georgia, moved to reconsider the vote on the three 
last resolutions on the foreign policy of the Government, and G. W. 
Peck, of Michigan, moved to lay on the table the motion to reconsider. 

On this motion the vote was as follows : 

Yeas. — Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5 ; Vermont, 5; Massachu- 
setts, 5 ; New Jersey, 7 ; Pennsylvania, 27 ; Maryland, 1 ; North 
Carolina, 10 ; Mississippi, 7 ; Louisiana, 6 ; Ohio, 23 ; Tennessee, 
10 ; Indiana, 13 ; Illinois, 11 ; Missouri, 9 ; Arkansas, 4; Michigan, 
6 ; Florida, 3 ; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4 ; Wisconsin, 5 ; California, 4 
—171. 

Nays. — Massachusetts, 4 ; Rhode Island, 4 ; Connecticut, 6 ; Dela- 
ware, 3 ; Maryland, 7 ; Virginia, 15 ; South Carolina, 8 ; Georgia, 
9 ; Alabama, 9 ; Kentucky, 12 ; Tennessee, 2 — 79. 

So the motion to reconsider was laid on the table. 

Mr. Meade, of Virginia, offered the following resolution : 

Resolved, That the resolutions in regard to the foreign policy of this Government ai'e the ex- 
pressions of opinion of this Convention, and are not to be exacted as ai'ticles of party faith. 

G. W. Peck, of Michigan, objected that this resolution could not be 
entertained, but must, under the rules, go to the Committee on Reso- 
lutions. 

Mr. Meade — after in vain asking to be heard on the resolution, the 
Chair deciding that the question could not be debated, but must go to 
the committee — moved that the rules be suspended. 

A vote by States was called for and resulted as follows : 

Ayes. — Delaware, 3 ; Marjdand, 7 ; Virginia, 15 ; South Carolina, 
8 ; Kentucky, 12 ; Tennessee, 9 ; Missouri, 9 ; Arkansas, 4 ; Florida, 
3 ; Texas, 4—74. 

Nays. — Maine, 8 ; New Hampshire, 5 ; Vermont, 5 ; Massachu- 
setts, 13; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6 ; New Jersey, 7 ; Penn- 
sylvania, 27 ; Maryland, 1 ; North Carolina, 10 ; Georgia, 10 ; 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



33 



Alabama, 9 ; Mississippi, 7 ; Louisiana, 6 ; Ohio, 23 ; Tennessee, 3 ; 
Indiana, 13 ; Illinois, 11 ; Michigan, 6 ; Iowa, 4 ; Wisconsin, 5 ; 
California, 4—171. 

So the motion to suspend was lost, and the resolution was referred 
to the Committee on Resolutions. 

Mr. Lowe, of Maryland, sent to the Chair the following resolution, 
adopted by the Maryland Delegation, which he had been instructed to 
present, as explanatory of the vote of that State, and to ask that the 
same be spread on the records of the Convention. No objection being 
made, it was so ordered : 

Resolved. That without expressing any opinion in regard to the principles involved in the last 
five resolutions of the proposed platform, we deem it inexpedient to adopt said resolutions as part 
of said platform, and that the Chairman of this Delegation be directed to cast its vote in the nega- 
tive upon said resolution, and that he is further instructed at the proper time to request the reading 
of this resolution to the Convention, as the ground upon which the action of this Delegation is 
based. 

Judge Borden, of Indiana, moved the following resolution : 

Resolved., That a committee of one from each State, to be selected by the Delegates thereof, be 
appointed to report the names of persons to constitute the Democratic National Committee, and 
the mode of constituting and calling the next Democratic Convention. Adopted. 

The following names were proposed under this resolution by the 
various delegations : 



Maine, Dudley F. Leavitt. 
Hew Hampshire, J. H. Smith. 
Vermont, John Cain. 
Massachusetts, Whiting Griswold. 
Rhode Island, William J. Miller. 
Connecticut, J. P. C. Mather. 
New York, 

New Jersey, John W. Mickle. 
Pennsylvania, H. D. Foster. 
Del-aware, Henry Ridgely. 
Maryland, E. Hamilton. 
Virginia, Archibald Graham. 
North Carolina, Burton Craige. 
South Carolina, B. H. Wilson. 
Georgia, John H. W. Underwood. 
Alabama, James R. Powell. 



3fississippi, 0. Pi. Singleton. 
Louisiana, W. W. Pugh. 
Ohio, Wm. Lawrence. 
Kentucky, T. C. McCreery. 
Tennessee, T. M. Jones. 
Indiana, G. T. Cookerly. 
Illinois, W. Cockle. 
3Iissouri, William Watson. 
Arkansas, Jordan N. Embree. 
Michigan, A. E. Campbell. 
Florida, C. E. Dyke. 
Texas, William Fields. 
Iowa, D. H. Solomons. 
Wisconsin, M. .T. Thomas. 
California, D. E. Buel. 



A delegate, calling attention to the quantity of work already done, 
and that the Committee on Credentials not being ready to report on 
the New York controversy, moved that the Convention adjourn. 

Mr. Hibbard, of Texas, was enforcing the necessity of having a full 
vote on the great question of selecting the Presidency, wlien he was 
interrupted by Mr. Petit, of Indiana, who said : 

Mr. President — If the New Yorkers are not ready to come into the 
Convention and participate with us in its labors, there are other States 
that are ready, and I move that we proceed to vote for the candidate 
for the Presidency and Vice Presidency. 
3 



34 PROCEEDINGS OP THE 



Mr. Hibbard resumed — The motion is to proceed to vote for a can- 
didate for President and Vice President. In the Baltimore Convention 
of 1852, when there wore contested votes from New York and Georgia, 
the Convention decided that it would not proceed to the nomination 
of a candidate for the Presidency, until the contested elections were 
determined. New York sends two sets of delegates, whose claims are 
under consideration by the Committee on Credentials. Whatever 
may be the decision, at least one of the delegations will be entitled to a 
seat, and perhaps both. New York has a right to be heard on the 
momentous question of the nomination of a candidate for the Presi- 
dency. We thought that there was sufficient soundness in the Democracy 
of New York to recognize the platform adopted by the Convention 
without the formality of their voting. But on the nomination of the 
candidates we have no right to deny them a hearing. I trust that the 
gentleman will withdraw his motion. 

Mr. Petit withdrew his motion. 

H. Salisbury, of Delaware — Sir, we have done more to-day than 
has generally been done by Democratic Conventions. We have gone, 
ill the adoption of our resolutions, beyond the precedents of previous 
Conventions. It would be wise for us not to proceed further and too 
rapidly, but to act calmly and disci'eetly ; and he was therefore in 
favor of adjourning to hear the Committee on Credentials. 

H. B. Wright, of Pennsylvania, said he was one of the Committee 
on Credentials, and the committee had been much engaged in hearing 
the parties in the contested case of New York, but that it would be 
prepared to make a report on to-morrow at two o'clock. 

Mr- Wilson, of loAva, was in favor of adjourning, but he added that 
he was against waiting any longer on those gentlemen who could not 
settle their quarrels at home. He would not wait a day longer for 
them than to-morrow. If they were not prepared to come into the 
Convention and arrange their difficulties after a reasonable time he 
hoped that the other States Avould proceed to perform their duty, and 
discharge the trust for Avhich they were sent here. 

The vote to adjourn to to-morrow 10 o'clock, A. M.. was then taken 
and carried. 



FOUETH DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. 

Morning Session, June 5th, 1856. 

At 10 o'clock the President called the Convention to order. 

Mr. J. W. Stevenson, of Kentucky, after some preliminary remarks, 
offered, on the part of a majority of the Committee on Credentials, the 
following resolutions : 

Resolved, That it is the fluty of the entire Democracy of New York to unite; and, as abeginning 
of that union, that the two delegationa from that State be now consolidated. 



NATIONAL DEMOCEATIC CONVENTION. gg 

Resolved, That that portion of the Democracy of New York represented by the delegation, of 
which the Hon. Horatio Seymour is chairman, are entitled, on the score of numljers, to forty-four 
delegates, and that portion of the Democracy represented by the delegations, of which the Hon. 
Samuel Beardsley is Chairman, is entitled on the score of numbers to twenty-six delegates in the 
Convention, and that said delegation be admitted in proportion aforesaid to seats in the Conven- 
tion, the persons so to be admitted to be designated by the respective delegations, and that, in 
counting the vote of the State of New York in the Convention, the minority shall not be subject 
to the majority without their consent. 

Resolved, That the delegation from New York, when admitted, be permitted to record their 
votes upon the resolutions adopted yesterday hy the Convention. 

Mr. James A. Bayard, on behalf of the minority of the Committee 
on Credentials, offered the following resolution as a snbstitute for those 
presented by Mr. Stevenson: 

Resolved, That the two delegations from New York be authorized to select each thirty-five 
delegates, and that the seventy delegates thus selected be admitted as the delegation of the two 
sections of the New York Democracy to this Convention, and that they be allowed one hour to 
report their selections. The two delegations to vote separately, each to be entitled to seventeen 
votes, the remaining vote of this State to be cast alternately by the two delegations, the Softs 
easting it the first time. 

Mr. Butler, of Massachusetts, moved the adoption of the majority 
i"esolutions and called for the previous question. 

At the request of Mr. Eichardson, said motion was withdrawn. 

Mr. McLane, of Maryland, rose to a point of order, and submitted 
that the gentleman from Massachusetts had not the power to demand 
the previous question upon the majority resolutions. The resolution 
of Mr. Bayard, of Delaware, being an amendment, the vote on that 
must he first taken. 

Mr. Meade, of Virginia, concurred in this view and he had before 
risen to say so. As the resolution of Mr. Bayard would be first voted 
upon, he would move the previous question. 

The Convention sustained the call for the previous question, and the 
President decided that the main question should now be put, first upon 
the minority resolution of Mr. Bayard, of Delaware. 

Pending the call of the roll, Mr. Robinson, of Indiana, moved to lay 
the whole subject on the table. 

The President entertained the motion, it being to lay the whole sub- 
ject upon the table. 

The vote being taken on this motion by States, resulted as follows : 

Ayes. — ^Massachusetts 2; New Jersey, 4; South Carolina, 8; Louisi- 
ana, 6; Ohio, 1; Kentucky, 7; Indiana, 13; Arkansas, 3. Total, 44. 

Nays. — ^Maine, 8; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 
11; Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New Jersey, 3; Pennsylvania, 27; 
Delaware, 3; Maryland, 8; Virginia, 15; North Carolina, 10; Georgia, 
10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Ohio, 22; Kentucky 12; Tennessee, 5; 
Arkansas, 1; Illinois, 11; Missouri, 9; Michigan, 6; Florida, 3; Texas, 
4; Iowa, 4; Wisconsin, 5; California, 4. Total, 217. 



i 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



The motion being lost, the question came upon the adoption of the 
minority resolution of the Committee on Credentials, reported by Mr. 
Bayard, and the vote being called by States, resulted as follows : 

Ayes. — ^Maine, 6; Massachusetts, 3; Rhode Island, 1; Connecticut, 
6; New Jersey, 6; Pennsylvania, 27; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 6; Vir- 
ginia, 15; Georgia, 4; Ohio, 10; Kentucky, 6; Tennessee, 10; Indiana, 
13; Missouri, 6; Arkansas, 2; Texas, 3; Wisconsin, 5; California, 4. 
Total, 137. 

j^AYS. — Maine, 2; New Hampshire, 5; Vermont, 5; Massachusetts, 
10; Rhode Island, 3; New Jersey, 1; Maryland, 2; North Carolina, 10; 
South Carolina, 8; Georgia, 6; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 7; Louisiana, 
6; Ohio, 13; Kentucky, 5; Tennessee, 2; Illinois, 11; Missouri, 3; Ar- 
kansas, 2; Michigan, 6; Florida, 3; Iowa, 4. Total, 123. 

The President proclaimed the resolution of the minority, reported by 
Mr. Bayard, as adopted. 

Mr. Preston, of Kentucky, moved to reconsider this vote, and that 
the motion lay on the table . Adopted. 

The question was then put on the adoption of the resolution as 
amended, and the same was carried. 

Mr. Preston moved to reconsider this vote, and that the motion lie 
on the table. Adopted. 

Mr. Preston moved that a committee of seven of the Convention be 
appointed to wait upon the New York delegations, and inform them of 
the decision of the Convention. 

The Chair announced the following as the committee to wait on 
the New York delegations and acquaint them with the decision of the 
Convention : 

Preston, of Kentucky ; Butler, of Massachusetts ; Richardson, of 
Illinois ; Gardner, of Georgia ; Meade, of Virginia ; Wickliffe, of Ken- 
tucky ; Pickens, of South Carolina. 

George McCook of Ohio, moved the following resolution : 

Resolved, That at two o'clock P. M., \h\a day, this ConTention will proceed, by a call of 
the States, to nominate a canjidate for the Presidency. [Adopted. 

On motion the Convention then took a recess until two o'clock, 
P.M. 

Afternoon Session, June 5, 1856. 

Mr. Preston, of Kentucky, reported from the committee to acquaint 
the New York Delegations of the decision of the Convention in the 
New York contest, that the committee had performed their duty, and 
that the contesting delegations had declared their acquiescence in the 
decision, and would be prepared to comply with it. 



KATIO??AL DEilOCRATIC CONTXXTIOy. 



.^7 



Tte following is the list of Delegates, from Xew York, as reporicd 
to the Convention by the respective delegations from that State. 



The delesration of whieh Hon. Horatio Sevnionr was at the head 



was 



Horatio Seymour, of Utica, 
Nicholas Hill, Jr., Albccny^ 
Wm. H. Ludlow, 
Samuel E. Johnson, 
Thomas Byrns, 
George H. Purser, 
Stephen H. Feeks. 
John Cochran, Xeic Yorlc, 
Lorenzo B. Shepherd, do^ 
Daniel F. 

J. y. Fowler, Xew York, 
John C. Holley, 
Thomas R. Westbrook, 
Dean Richmond, Buffalo, 
Charles L. McArthur, 
John Y. L. Pruyn, Albany, 
Lemuel L. Jenks, 
Timothy Hoyle, 



William C. Crain, 
John C. Wrighr, 
Horatio BuUard, 
John Stryker, 
Horace Gr. Prindle, 
Sands X. Kenvon, 
DeWia C. West, 
Dennis McCarthy, 
Elmore P. Ross, 
William C. Dyer, 
John J, Taylor. 
William c' Rhodes, 
Simon B. Jewett. 
L. P. Weatherby, 
William Yandervert, 
Israel T. Hatch, 
N. Sackett. 



The delegation of which the Hon. Samuel Beardsley was at the 
head, was 



Sam''.el Beardsley, Utica, 
George W. Clinton, Buffalo, 
Legrand G. Capers, 
Henry C. Murphy, 
Joseph Blackburn, 
Thomas Wheeler, 
Robert W. Allen, 
Atisustus Schell, New TorTc, 
Elijah Ward. 

Daniel B. Taylor, Ketc York, 
Robert H. Ludlow, 
Samuel Fowler, 
William F. Russell, 
George W. Petton, 
David L. Seymour, Troy, 
David Hamilton, 
Orville Clark, Sandy Hill, 
Putnam B. Fisk, 



Charles Gray. 

Thomas B. Mitchell, 

Samuel S. Brown, 

John Rice, 

Atisbttrn BirdsalL Binykampton. 

Delos DeWolf, 

Lvsander H. Brown, 

John T. Peck, 

Charles W. Pomeroy, 

Wm. Clark, 

Erastus Evans. 

John A. Yanderlip, 

Nicholas E. Pain. 

James G. Shepherd, 

Harvey Goodrich, 

Henry A. Rogers, Buffalo, 

Benjamin Walworth. 



Mr. Inge, of California, moved that the resolution relative to the 
establishment of a public road across otir territory be reconsidered. 

Mr. Thompson, of Mississippi, insisted that the motion was not in 
order ; that by the decision of the Conventioa this morning, the order 
of the hour was to ballot for the Presidency. 

The President so decided. 

Mr. Callehan. of Pennsylvania, arose to a privileged question. The 
New York delegation had been admitted, but they had not yet signified 
their acqiiiescence in the platform, and they ought to he permitted to 
do so. [Applause. Yes, yes.] 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Mr. Meade, of Virginia, then moved that New York be now permit- 
ted to vote on the resohitions constituting the platform, which motion 
was mianimously adopted. 

New York was then called for her vote on said resolutions, and by 
her respective Chairmen, cast her entire thirty-Jive votes in the affirma- 
tive, which was received with great applause. 

Mr. Inge, of California, moved for a suspension of the rules, with a 
view to reconsider the vote laying upon the table, the resolution in 
favor of an overland communication between the Atlantic and Pacific 
coasts — and he called for a vote by States. 

Ayes : — Maine, 1, Vermont 5, Massachusetts, 11, New York 35, 
Maryland 8, Georgia 1, Louisiana 6, Ohio 6, Tennessee 5, Illinois 11, 
Missouri 9, Michigan 6, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, California 4 
—121. 

Noes : — Maine 7, New Hampshire 5, Massachusetts 2, Rhode Island 
4, Connecticut 6, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 27, Delaware 3, Vir- 
ginia 15, North Carolina 10, South Carolina 8, Georgia 9, Alabama 
9, Mississippi 7, Ohio 17, Kentucky 12, Tennessee 7, Iowa 13, Ar- 
kansas 4, Florida 3 — 175. 

So the motion to suspend the rales was lost. 

Mr. Ludlow, of New York, alluding to the conciliatory spirit which 
had influenced the Convention in its action on the question so happily 
adjusted, asked that in the same spirit the Convention would not suffer 
some seventy good Democrats, who had been sent here as delegates, 
to wander through the streets of Cincinnati without permission to 
enter the hall. 

The President decided that the gentleman was out of order. 

The Chair then announced that the order of the hour was the vote 
on the nomination for Presidency. 

R. Kidder Meade, of Virginia — I am charged by my delegation with 
the duty of presenting to this Convention, as a candidate for the 
Presidency, the name of that honest and eminent statesman, James 
Buchanan. [Applause.] 

Harry Hibbard, of New Hampshire — In the name of the Democracy 
of New Hampshire I present the name of Franklin Pierce. [Applause.] 

Mr. Inge, of California — I am unanimously instructed by the dele- 
gation from California to put in nomination the great champion of 
American progress, Lewis Cass, of Michigan. [Applause.] 

Mr. Richardson — I propose Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois, for the 
nomination for the Presidency. [Applause ] 

The Convention then proceeded to vote for a candidate for Presi- 
dent. The first ballot was as follows : 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



39 



1st ballot FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire,. 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,.... 
Rhode Island,.... 

Connecticut, 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,. . . . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina,.. 
South Carolina,.. 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

ArkansiLs, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



a 



!l35^1l22i 33 



2d BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,... 
Rhode Island,.. . 
Connecticut,. ... 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina,. 
South Carolina,. 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa 

Wisconsin, 

California, 






'3 i c S- 



17 



139 Ill9i 3Ul 6 



3d BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,... 
Rhode Island,. . . 
Connecticut,. ... 

New York, 

New Jersey, . . .. 
Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Cai-olina, . 
South Carolina,. 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



td 



]39illl9 1 32 1 5i 



4th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

; New Hampshire, . 

; Vermont, 

i Massachusetts, 

Rhode Island, 

; Connecticut, , 

; New York, , 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania...... 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, . . . 

South Carolina,..,. 

Georgia 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



? ^ 



' cm n> 



ll4Uill9 I 30 5i 



40 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



5th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine 

New Hampshire, 

A'ermont, 

Massacliusetts, .. 
Rhode Island,.' • 
Connecticut, .... 

New York, 

New Jersey, . ... 
Pennsylvania,... 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina,.. 
South Carolina,.. 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana 

Ohio 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

loVa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



2 = 1^ 



18 



140 Ill9ii 31 ' 5h 



6th ballot fob president. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts, . . 
Rhode Island,... 
Connecticut, .. .. 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia,... 

North Carolina,. 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California 



155:107ii 28 I 5i 



7th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire,. 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts, . . 
Rhode Island,.. . 

Connecticut. 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina,. 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky. 

Tennessee 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsia, 

Oalifomia, 



1431 I 89 



58 



5il 



8th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,... 
Rhode Island,.. . 
Connecticut,.... 

New York, 

New Jersey, . ... 
Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina,.. 
South Carolina,. 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississipp', 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 









147i 87 56 I 5i 






K 



& 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



41 



9th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 






Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,.. . 
Rhode Island,.. . 
Connecticut, .. . . 

New York, 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania,... 

Delawaie, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North C.'iroUna, . 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



146 I 87 I 56 



10th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,... 
Rhode Island... . 
Connecticut, ... . 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,... 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, . 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

lUincis, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



I47i 80J 62i 5i 



11th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,.. . 
Rhode Island,.. . 
Connecticut, .... 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,... 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, . 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, ...... 

California, 



18 



10 



147i 80 I 63 



5i 



12th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,.. 
Rhode Island,.. . 
Connecticut,. ... 

New York, 

New Jersey, 

Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, . 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



10 



148 79 63i 34 






a c 

§ 3 
2 <" 



zr p 
E.S 

9.3 



*l. 



42 



.SK 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



13th ballot for PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Termont, 

Massachusetts, . . 
Rhode Island,... 

Connecticut, 

New York, 

New Jersey, .... 
Pennsylvania,.. . 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

A'^irginia, 

North Carolina, . 
South Carolina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Slissiasippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas,. 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin,, 

California, 



» B 



150 77i| 63 



After the 13th Ballot, Mr. McMullen,of Virginia, moved an adjourn- 
ment. The vote by States beinor called for, resulted as follows : 

Yeas. — New Hampshire, 6 ; Vermont, 5 ; Rhode Island, 4 ; New York, 
17 ; North Carolina, 5 ; South Carolina, 8 ; Georgia, 10 ; Alabama, 9 ; 
Mississippi, 7; Ohio, 8 ; Kentucky, 5; Tennessee, 12; Illinois, 11; 
Missouri, 9 ; Arkansas, 4 ; Florida, 3 ; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 2 ; California, 
4— Total, 132. 

Nats. — Maine, 8 ; Massachusetts, 13 ; Connecticut, 6 ; New York, 18; 
New Jersey, 7 ; Pennsylvania, 27 ; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, 8 ; Virginia, 
15 ; North Carolina, 5 ; Louisiana, 6 ; Ohio, 15 ; Kentucky, 7 ; Indiana, 
13; Michigan, 6 ; Iowa, 2 ; Wisconsin, 5. Total, 164. So the motion 
was lost. 



NATIONAL DEMOCBATIC CONVENTION. 



43 



14th ballot for PRESIDENT. 



States. 






Maine, 

New Hampshii'e, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,... 
Rhode Island,.. . 

Connecticut, 

New York, 

New Jersey, .... 
Pennsylvania,.- • 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, 
South Carolina, 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, .... 

Louisiana, 

Ohio,. 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana,., 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

Wisconsin, 

Cailfornia, 



10 



|l52i 75 



63 



After the 14th Ballot, Mr. Flournoy, of Arkansas, moved that the 
Convention do now adjourn until to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. A call 
for votes by States being made, resulted as follows : 

Yeas.— Maine, 1 ; New Hampshire, 5 ; Vermont, 5 ; Massachusetts, 
8 ; Rhode Island, 4 ; New York, 17 ; New Jersey, 7 ; Pennsylvania, 27 • 
Delaware 5 ; Virginia, 15 ; North Carolina, 10 ; South Carolina, 8 ; 
Georgia, 9 : Alabama, 9 ; Mississippi, 7 ; Louisiana, 6 ; Ohio, 15 ; Ken- 
tucky, 12 ; Tennessee, 6 ; Indiana, 13; Illinois, 11 ; Missouri, 9 ; Ar- 
kansas, 4 ; Florida, 3 , Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4 ; Wisconsin, 5 : California. 4 
Total, 231. ' 

Nays.— Maine, 7 ; Massachusetts, 5 ; Connecticut, 6 ; New York, 18 - 
Maryland, 8; Georgia,!; Ohio,8; Tennessee, 6; Michigan, 6. Total^Gs'. 
The Convention adjourned until to-morrow morning at 9 o'clock. 



44 ■*■ PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



FIFTH DAY'S PROCEEDINGS. 

Morning Session, June 6, 1856. 

The Convention was called to order precisely at nine o'clock. The 
President said that they would now proceed to the fifteenth ballot. 

Mr. Hibbard, of New Hampshire, arose and said : 

Mr. President — New Hampshire has thus far given her votes for 
Franklin Pierce, in accordance with the wishes of the entire body of the 
democracy of our State. In common with other friends, tried and true, 
she has supported him steadfastly and earnestly. But, sir, strong as is 
her preference for her own distinguished son, abiding as is her confidence 
in his patriotism and statesmanship, warm as is her attachment to him 
personally, she is willing to defer even these considerations for what 
may seem the more practicable method of advancing cherished princi- 
ples. She lays them all as an offering upon the altar of our common 
cause. In so doing, she acts in accordance, not only with the dictates 
of her political duty, but with his own expressed desire. The unani- 
mous adoption by this Convention of our noble platform, is the most 
comprehensive and emphatic er-nction of the administration of Presi- 
dent Pierce. Beyond this, there needs no tongue to speak his eulogy. 
I therefore withdraw his name from the present contest. And, sir, by 
the unanimous instruction of our delegation, I cast the five votes of 
our State for the man we regard as the next best exponent of the prin- 
ciples and measures so nobly illustrated by the administration of 
Franklin Pierce — the bold, efficient and ever faithful statesman of 
Illinois, Stephen A. Douglas. [Great Applause.] 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 



45 



15th BALLOT FOR PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts,... 
Rhode Island,. . . 

Connecticut, 

New York, 

New Jersey, .... 
Pennsylvania.... 

Delaware, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, . 
South Cai-olina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, — ... 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas, 

Iowa, 

"Wisconsin, 

California, 



-•^ 






IB 



1168^1 3\ 



l]8i 



16th ballot for PRESIDENT. 



States. 



Maine, 

New Hampshire, 

Vermont, 

Massachusetts, .. 
Rhode Island,.. . 

Connecticut, 

New York, 

New Jersey,.. ... 
Pennsylvania,... 

Delawai-e, 

Maryland, 

Virginia, 

North Carolina, , 
South Cai'olina, . 

Georgia, 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

Ohio, 

Kentucky, 

Tennessee, 

Indiana, 

Illinois, 

Missouri, 

Arkansas, 

Michigan, 

Florida, 

Texas,.., 

Iowa,, 

Wisconsin, 

California, 



|||t| 



When Mr. Preston, of Kentucky, said ; Mr. President — As one of 
the friends of Mr. Douglas, I have become sufficiently satisfied by the 
evidences presented here, that it is the wish of this Convention that 
James Buchanan should be the nominee for President of the United 
States;! believe that Judge Douglas himself, and the friends of Judge 
Douglas, and when I say this, I speak with some degree of know- 
ledge on the subject — I believe that the friends of Mr. Douglas will be 
among the first to come forward, and in a spirit of liberality, put an 
end to the useless contest. I will now give way to the gentleman from 
Illinois, the friend of Mr. Douglas. 

During Mr. Preston's remarks there were loud expressions of dissa- 
tisfaction and cries of "No, no !" " Don't withdraw !" " Don't with- 
draw !" 

Here W. A. Eichardson, of Illinois, arose, and waiving his hand, 
there was immediate and general silence. In a solemn and impressive 
manner that gentleman proceeded to address the Convention as follows: 

Mr, Richardson- — Mr. President and gentlemen of the Convention : 
Before undertaking to advise any gentleman on this floor what he ought 
to do, I consider tliat I have a duty which I owe to my constituents, 
and which, since it is now imposed on me, I feel it is due to Jhe Demo- 
cratic party and friends of Stephen A. Douglas, that I should dis- 
charge. Whatever may be the opinion of the gentleman as to the 



4() PEOCEEDINGS OF THE 



contest, I am satisfied that I cannot advance his interests or the inte- 
rests of the common cause, or the principles of the Democratic party, 
by continuing him in this contest. I will, therefore, state that I have 
a dispatch from Jndge Douglas, which I desire, may be permitted to 
be read, and I shall then withdraw his name from before the Conven- 
tion. I desire, gentlemen, after that, to decide on what course they 
may deem it proper to pursue. [Tremendous applause — profound 
sensation.] 

The dispatch was sent to the Chair to be read, and is as follows : 



LETTER OF S. A. DOUGLAS TO W. A. RICHARDSON, OF ILLINOIS. 

WAsniNGTON, June 4, 1856. 

Dear Sir : From the telegraphic reports in the newspapers, I fear that an 
embittered state of feeling is being engendered in the Convention, vrhich 
may endanger the harmony and success of our party. I wish you and all my 
friends to bear in mind that I have a thousand fold more anxiety for the tri- 
umph of our principles than for my own personal elevation. 

If the withdrawal of my name will contribute to the harmony of our party 
or the success of our cause, I hope j'ou will not hesitate to take the step. 
Especially it is my desire that the action of the Convention will embody and 
express the wishes, feelings and principles of the Democracy of the Republic ; 
and hence, if Mr. Pierce or Mr. Buchanan, or any other statesman who is 
faithful to the great issues involved in the contest, shall receive a majority of 
the Convention, I earnestly hope that all my friends will unite in insui'ing 
him two thirds, and then in making his nomination unanimous. Let no per- 
sonal considerations disturb the harmony or endanger the triumph of our 
principles. 

S. A. DOUGLAS. 

To Hon. W. A. Richardson, Burnet House, Cincinnati, Ohio. 



The reading of this dispatch was interrupted by frequent and tre- 
mendous applause. It was some time before order could be re- 
stored. When the Convention had subsided into something like or- 
der, the Prasident announced that they would proceed with the seven- 
teenth ballot. 

Mr. Preston — I move that James Buchanan be nominated as the 
candidate of the democratic party, for President of the United States, 
by acclamation. 

Voices — Go on with the call — go on with the call ! 

The roll was then called for the seventeenth ballot : 

Maine cast her eight votes for James Buchanan. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 47 

When New Hampshire, was called, Mr. Hibbard said: — Mr. Presi- 
dent: New Hampshire has steadily supported the favorite of her peo- 
ple, until it was apparent that he was not the choice of the convention. 
She then Avithdrew his name and M'^ent heartily for the champion of 
the North West. The ballottings have shown a like disposition with 
regard to him. His name, too, is now withdrawn. It is apparent 
that Mr. Buchanan is the candidate of the Convention. The will of 
the majority becomes now the choice of all. New Hampshire, sir, 
bows most respectfully to that decision. She will support the great 
statesman of Pennsylvania with the same fidelity and determination she 
has devoted to the cause of her own cherished son. She throws 
her five votes for James Buchanan, and she will roll down for him her 
majority of thousands in November next, like an avalanche from her 
granite hills ! [Great applause.] 

• Vermont being called, Mr. Smalley rose and said : — Vermont cast 
her unanimous vote for nine successive ballots for Franklin Pierce, 
because they regard his Administration, both in its domestic and 
foreign policy, as entitled to the entire confidence and approbation of 
every true Democrat. He has, in a pei-ilous crisis, maintained firmly our 
honor abroad, fearlessly confronted all the intestine factions that have 
for the last three years distracted our Republic, and nobly sustained the 
constitutional rights of every part of our common country. He is our 
neighbor, and we knoio him to be a man, a patriot, and a statesman 
without reproach. But we became convinced that he was not the 
choice of this Convention, and therefore Vermont gave her five votes 
for a favorite son, who was born and educated amid her Green Moun- 
tains — the bold, the eloquent, and the successful champion in the United 
States Senate of the great principle of Popular Sovereignty — Stephen 
A. Douglas. But his name has been, for the purpose of conciliation, 
harmony and unity of action, at his request, withdrawn from the Con- 
vention. Vermont now comes cordially and earnestly to the support 
of the ripe, able and accomplished statesman of Pennsylvania. And 
though her Democracy can promise but little, will yield to none in the 
fidelity and zeal with which they will battle for his election. I am 
unanimously instructed to cast the five votes of Vermont for James 
Buchanan. [Loud cheers.] 

Massachusetts was next called, when Mr. Butler answered as follows : 
Massachusetts has heretofore shown that she reposes faith and confi- 
dence in the distinguished statesman of her own section of the country; 
yet she has no factious opposition to make to the wishes of the great 
Democratic party, as indicated in this convention. And though, sir, 
she cannot promise much, yet, when the nomination is made, she will 
say, in the language of one of her gallant sons at Lundy's Lane, when 
ordered to take a British battery — "We will try." I am instructed to 
cast the thirteen votes of Massachusetts for James Buchanan. [Ap- 
plause.] 

When the vote of Rhode Island was called for, Mr. Lawrence said : 
Mr. President: Rhode Island, during twelve ballots, manifested her 



*«*-■' PROCEEDINGS OF THE 






approval of the administration of our distinguished President, whose 
nomination — which she ratified by her electoral vote — her delegates 
four years ago were among the first to sustain. She would have con- 
tinued to cast the same vote had she not been convinced that General 
Pierce could not unite the requisite support in this Convention. She 
therefore, last evening transferred her votes to the eminent citizen of 
Pennsylvania, who, I am free to declare, is, under existing circum- 
stances, the only one of the candidates that have been before as that can ■ 
redeem our State, and it is with the greatest satisfaction that the dele- 
gation of Rhode Island congratulate their fellow citizens that the nomi- 
nation of James Buchanan is now unanimously responded to. 

Connecticut then cast her six votes for James Buchanan. 

New York was next called, whereupon Mr. Horatio Seymour rose 
and said : The State of New Yoik, in many respects divided, has at 
last become united on one point, the moral necessity of confining the 
nomination within the circle of the three distinguished gentlemen 
whose names were first presented to the people as candidates for the 
Presidency- Speaking, in this convention, for one section of the Demo- 
cratic party of the State of New York, I have felt it to be my duty — 
I state that we have felt it our duty to cast our votes for Franklin 
Pierce. So long as his name continued before the convention, we 
unfalteringly adhered to him. When his nomination became impos- 
sible, we felt it our duty to give our support to the nomination of 
Stephen A. Douglas, of Illinois. His name is now formally with- 
drawn by the person authorized to speak for him; indeed, he has spoken 
for himself. While we have the strongest desire to continue our sup- 
port for him, we feel that we should be recreant to ourselves and to 
those whom we represent, if the State of New York should go beyond 
the limits of the three names originally presented to the people of the 
United States for nomination. At this stage of the proceedings, in 
view of this statement, in view of the exigencies of the case, in view of 
the position in which we are now placed, I ask that we may be per- 
mitted to retire and consult, in order that this nomination may go forth 
with that moral force and influence which we have so much at heart. 

Hereupon that part of the delegation from New York, of which Mr. 
Ludlow was chairman, withdrew for consultation, and on returning to 
the Convention, 

Mr. Ludlow of New York, said — ^Mr. President, The wing of the 
Democratic party of the State of New York, represented by the dele- 
gation of which I have the honor to be chairman, has come into this 
Convention under great disadvantages. It has. Sir, ever been a strong 
distinctive feature of our Democracy of New York, to stand with 
reliable truth and firmness by those whom we have reason to regard 
our friends, and Sir, in this view having had no candidate of our own 
to present, and without any pledges to others, we have been content 
and pleased to support the nominees of our friends. We have done 
so, honorably and honestly, and now that those nominees are with- 
drawn from the further consideration of this Convention, we shall 
assume no factious attitude, and I take pleasure in foUo^ving out the 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 4 9 

sentiment of this Convention, as now indicated, and give eighteen 
votes from New York, for James Buchanan. 

New Jersey then casts her seven votes for James Buchanan. 

When Pennsylvania was called, 

Hon. John L. Dawson, said — Mr. President, The venerable chair- 
man of our delegation, Gov. Porter, not much accustomed to public 
speaking, has devolved upon me the duty of expressing to this Con- 
vention our high appreciation of the honor conferred upon our State 
in the selection of its distinguished citizen as the nominee of the Demo- 
cratic party. [Great applause.] We are more than gratified that 
the time has arrived in the deliberations of this body, when the sacrifice 
of personal preferences and predilections becomes a virtue. Ardent 
attachment to distinguished, able and well-tried leaders is a noble 
characteristic of our people, and is only to be waived at the call of 
patriotism and necessity. [Cheers.] In this case that harmony and 
imanimity which is essential to our action, and the surest harbingers 
of success, has generously secured this surrender. 

The chiefs of the Democracy present many honored names, either 
of whom would worthily have supported the banner upon which are 
inscribed the principles to which we own allegiance — that banner now 
reared to be borne by the distinguished son of our own State, the far 
beammg effulgence of its legend will penetrate the remotest retreats of 
the land, and quickly rally around it an invincible host, filled with the 
enthusiasm inspired by a great cause and by the memory of former 
triumphs and glories, [Great cheering.] 

Mr. Buchanan is a man upon whom all can unite, and in doing so 
there is no expectation that there will be any surrender of the confi- 
dence in or admiration of those whom we pass by. 

There is not a heart in this Convention that does not glow with full 
and grateful recognition of the eminent services, to the Democratic 
party, of Cass, Hunter, Douglas, Bright, Pierce and others whose 
names have been mentioned. 

The first is, indeed, a mighty name which was long since voluntarily 
withdrawn from the contest, and whose brilliant efforts in patriotic 
devotion to the national interest will forever brighten the pages of our 
country's history. [Tremendous cheers.] In Mr. Hunter we recog- 
nize the model Senator, the distinguished Statesman, a chivalric 
son of old Virginia, he has been nurtured in the school of her sages 
who laid the foundation and shaped the superstructure of the con- 
federacy. [Applause.] 

The clear-sighted boldness, the skilful battle for the right that has 
marked the public career of Douglas, would have made him a gallant 
leader in the contest, whom we should all have delighted to follow ; 
[renewed applause ;] while in Bright we recognize those high qualities 
that mark the rising statesmen of the West, and see in him the true 
representative of her gigantic and advancing power. [Great applause.] 
4 



50 ^'■''' PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



The Administration of General Pierce requires no enlogium from 
me. True to the Constitution, to the principles and policy of the 
Democratic party, we say in a spirit of justice : " Well done, good 
and faithful servant." [Loud cheers.] 

As Pennsylvanians, the representatives on this floor of a State, 
which, in all the elements of greatness, we claim in a spirit of patriotic 
attachment, is inferior to none in the Union — one of the " Old 
Thirteen" — are proud that the towering greatness of her son has 
secured to her the well-merited and distinguished honor. [Loud and 
long continued applause.] His nomination is a guaranty to the 
country of an administration of the Constitution in its purity, with a 
just regard to all sections, and withoiit partial and modern construc- 
tions of its spirit and provisions. [Renewed applause.] His election 
will restore confidence, secure peace to a restless people, and kindle 
anew the fires of patriotism and love of the Union in bosoms where 
those sentiments had begun to smoulder. He will receive a large and 
overwhelming majority in the Keystone State. [Enthusiastic cheers.] 
A majority demanded by her numerical power consistent with the 
integrity of her people and their loyalty to the Constitution and the 
Union of the States. Her gallant sons will rally from the Delaware 
to the Ohio ; on the loftiest summit of her mountain range they will 
fling our banner to the breeze, bearing upon it the inscription of the 
honored name of " James Buchanan, our country and the Constitu- 
tion," and victory as certain as that which attended the American 
arms upon the immortal battle fields of our national history will 
brighten in letters of living light upon its broad and ample fclds as it 
will wave so gracefully and gallantly in triumph over the land. 
[Hearty and long-continued applause.] 

Delaware casts her 3 votes for James Buchanan, Maryland 8, 
and Virginia 15. 

When North Carolina was called, 

Mr. Avery, Chairman of the North Carolina delegation, said — ^Mr. 
President, The delegation of North Carolina appeared in this Conven- 
tion, with the view to battle for great principles, not for men. The 
platform adopted by the Convention commanded their most hearty 
approval ; it is broad enough to hold every national man within the 
limits of the republic ; nothing can be taken from it without impairing 
its symmetry ; nothing can be added to it without marring its fair 
proportions. Under these circumstances we have been prepared to 
sustain the nominee who may be placed upon that platform with no 
ordinary zeal. We adhered to Franldin Pierce through many ballot- 
ings, not only as a matter of choice as being preferred by us above all 
others at this time, but because we conceived it a duty imposed upon 
the South to support him in view of the bold and manly stand taken 
by his Administration in maintaining the laws under the Constitution, 
and upholding the rights of all the States in this Union. When the State 
of New Hampshire, in a spirit of conciliation, abandoned her favorite 
son, we felt it a duty to pay a tribute of respect and gratitude to the 
distinguished son of Illinois, Stephen A. Douglas. And, General 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 51 

Pierce out of the way, we could not have returned to our constituents 
without having manifested in some way our high appreciation of the 
eminent services rendered to his country by the author of the Kansas 
and Nebraska bill. 

We have sustained by our votes thus far these two eminent men, in 
no factious spirit ; and as it is apparent that the feeling of this Con- 
vention is in favor of the distinguished son of the Keystone State, we 
acquiesce in that manifestation of preference made by our political 
brethren here assembled. The Hon. James Buchanan was the first 
choice of North Carolina for President four years ago. fie has under- 
gone no change in political sentiments since that time, and our confi- 
dence in him has not been in any wise impaired, for the Democracy 
of North Carolina loves James Buchanan still. Pending his stay in 
Europe, events transpired which identified Messrs. Pierce and Douglas 
more prominently than others with certain leading issues before the 
country, and according to the views we entertained respecting their 
services in that behalf, we could not consistently abandon them while 
the name of either of them was before the Convention ; they are now 
both withdrawn, and we come a united delegation with a hearty good 
will to the support of the man for whom North Carolina did battle 
four years ago. On behalf of the North Carolina delegation I cast ten 
votes for James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. [Applause. 

When South Carolina was called. Governor Manning addressed the 
President as follows : — 

South Carolina, determined as she is to support the candidates 
placed upon the platform of principles erected by this Convention, has 
given that support in the first instance to Franklin Pierce of New 
Hampshire, and then to Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, and she would 
have continued to yield to them an unfaltering support as long as their 
names were presented by their friends to the Convention. But there 
is something else that South Carolina has at heart, as much as her 
attachment to persons or friends in this contest — the preservation of 
the Constitution and the Union. By the action of this Convention, 
and by the presence here of South Carolina, the bond of brotherhood 
among all the States of this Union is undivided. South Carolina, Sir, 
casts her eight votes for James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. [Loud 
applause.] 

The State of Georgia being then called, Mr. Gardner said : The 
Georgia delegation. Sir, came here pledged to the support of the gen- 
tleman for whom her vote was first cast, and for whom her warm and 
cordial sympathies were enlisted. Next to him, the delegation, or at 
least a large portion of them, thought it their duty to come to the sup- 
port of Judge Douglas, of Illinois. They considered it their duty to 
do so, in view of the fact that this gentleman had manfully battled for 
great constitutional and conservative principles. But we love not 
Pierce and Douglas alone ; we have a warm and cordial Southern heart 
for James Buchanan. From the broad ocean's shore — from the mid- 
land counties of the State — from its mountains and its valleys, with a 
loud and exulting shout of triumph, the Democracy will come forward 
in support of James Buchanan ; and we pledge to him the ten electoral 
votes of Georgia. [Applause.] 



52 '"" PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



The State of Alabama was then called by the Secretary. Mr. Chap- 
man, of Alabama, said : I hope. Sir, I shall be indulged by the Con- 
vention while I make a brief statement in regard to the position of 
Alabama. The delegation from that State came here united in support 
of Franklin Pierce. After he was withdrawn, they voted for Stephen 
A. Douglas. These votes. Sir, were not given on account of any hos- 
tility to the distinguished son of -Pennsylvania, but because those gen- 
tlemen were, in our opinion, more immediately identified with the 
new question which has recently arisen. There is no State in the 
Union where the son of Pennsylvania is held in higher esteem and 
honor than the one from which I come. We still have confidence in 
him ; he is still a favorite of Alabama. We have seen the unanimity 
with which the delegation from Pennsylvania have come to the support 
of our platform of principles, and this alone would be sufficient to 
impart confidence in the candidate they have presented to the Conven- 
tion. We remember, too, that in the last Convention, James Bu- 
chanan was the first choice of Alabama ; we remember that he was 
the favorite candidate of the lamented William R. King, who was 
associated on the same ticket with Franklin Pierce. And, humble as 
I am, I claim that no one excels me in confidence and esteem for the 
eminent statesman for whom Alabama is about to cast her vote. Not 
reluctantly, but with pleasure she gives her votes to James Buchanan, 
of Pennsylvania. [Cheers.] 

The Secretary then called Slississippi, when Mr. Clayton, for the Mis- 
sissippi delegation, said that by the vote of Mississippi, now about to 
be given, she desired to give one more evidence of her devotion to 
Democratic principles. She had thus far voted first for Pierce, next 
for Douglas, because she regarded them as the exponents and embodi- 
ment of her pi'inciples ; but she never had any opposition to Mr. Bu- 
chanan. Four years ago she had voted for him twenty-seven times in 
the Baltimore Convention. She now again casts her vote for him, 
with a pledge that her people will ratify it by six thousand majority. 

Mr. Matthews, of Mississippi, added : I desire to state. Sir, that 
Mississippi, in casting her vote first for Franklin Pierce, and then for 
Judge Douglas, wishes not to be understood as having any opposition 
to Pennsylvania's favorite son. She voted for those gentlemen as 
representatives of that great principle which claims to lie at the very 
foundation of American liberty. She did not for a moment suppose 
Mr. Buchanan to be opposed to that principle ; but she considered Mr, 
Pierce and Mr. Douglas to be more intimately identified with it. Mis- 
sissippi will support the nominee. With pride and pleasure she will 
take up the banner which the Democracy have entrusted to the hands 
of James Buchanan, and carry it in triumph through nearly every 
county in the State. Mississippi casts her seven votes for James 
Buchanan. [Loud cheering.] 

President. — Let Lojisiana be called. 

Secretary. — Louisiana. 

Gov. Marston, — Louisiana, as heretofore, casts her six votes for 
James Buchanan. 

Ohio was next called, and she answered by Mr. Medary : It is with 
great pleasure, I announce to you, Mr. President, and the honorable 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 53 

delegates to this Convention, that Ohio has no longer to cast fractional 
votes. ■ With the platform that you have given ns as a bond of union for 
the Democracy of this great country, we are willing to fight under any 
leader that this Convention may select for us. I assure you, Mr. 
President, that as a personal friend of that Little Giant of the north- 
west, for whom so many of us have cast our votes, or for whom I am 
willing to do battle even single-handed, that no one will yield more 
pleasantly to the decision of the Convention ; and I can speak also for 
the whole of the delegation with which I am associated, and that none 
will more readil}^ and zealously support the nominee pi'esented to us 
to-day. I pledge you, in behalf of the Democracy of Ohio, that as 
they have been so exact in casting their vote here, they will be equally 
exact in casting their whole vote for James Buchanan, and though 
divided here, they will be united at the polls, and will not consider 
their duty discharged till they have deposited their whole vote in the 
ballot box; and they will carry the State next November by at least 
twenty-five thousand majority. They will unite not only with their 
neighbors in Pennsylvania, but will stretch out their hands to the 
extreme South, the West and the East, to meet their Democratic 
brethren, and to assist in giving the death-blow to fanatacism in this 
country. Ohio casts her twenty-three votes for James Buchanan, of 
Pennsylvania. [Tremendous cheers.] 

Kentucky, when her name was called, through Gov. Wickliffe, said: 
Kentucky, though she cannot promise her thousands in November 
next, yet she says to the Democracy of the Union now, that when the 
hour of battle arrives, she will give a majority to James Buchanan, 
for whom she now casts her 12 votes. 

The Secretary then called Tennessee, and Mr. Bate, of Tennessee, 
said : We came here, gentlemen of the Convention, representing the 
spirit of the Democracy of Jackson and of Polk. I wish to state, on 
behalf of the Democracy of Tennessee, that they voted for the distin- 
guished individual who now occupies the Executive chair, as the repre- 
sentative of the great principle which now presents the prominent issue 
before the country, and afterward, for the same reason, testified their 
appreciation of the eminent gentleman who introduced the measure. 
Tennessee, Sir, has not cast her vote for a Democratic candidate for 
the Presidency, since she voted for her own son, the illustrious Jack- 
son. But standing here now, the representative, in part, of the De- 
mocracy of Tennessee, I promise that she will give for the nominee of 
this Convention, a Democratic majority of ten thousand votes. While 
here, we have cast the vote of Tennessee as a unit. There has been 
some division of opinion in the delegation. We now, however, give 
a heartfelt and entire vote to James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. 

Secretary. — Indiana. 

Judge Borden. — Thirteen votes for James Buchanan, of Pennsylva- 
nia, now, and the same in November next. 

Illinois was then called for, and Col. Kichardson rose, in behalf of 
that State, and responded as follows : I am instructed by the delega- 
tion from the State of Illinois, to return to this Convention their heart- 
felt acknowldgements for the complimentary vote their distinguished 
son has received; and above and beyond all to return their thanks that 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



" while he has received one hundred and twenty-two votes as a candidate 
for the Presidency, before the highest tribunal known to the Democratic 
party; the adoption of the great principle embodied in that platform, 
which received the assent of every member of the Committee on Reso- 
lutions, and of every member of the Convention, has endorsed the 
political opinions of Stephen A. Douglas. While he has been com- 
plimented by that vote, the fact that the principles for which he has 
battled in the Senate and before the whole country, are made by the 
Democratic party the leading principles of its political faith, is a still 
higher compliment, which might excite sentiments of pride in the 
bosom of any man. We have come here. Sir, animated by no sectional 
spirit. We have come here in the full belief that the spirit of the 
Democratic party resides in its principles more than in its men. We 
have come to say to the Democratic party all over this Union that, as 
in times past, the Democratic banner has never been torn in Illinois, 
so it will not be torn in November next. Illinois joins her voice to 
the voices of the delegates of the other States, and casts her eleven 
votes for James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. 

Missouri was then called, and Mr. W. A. Harris answered : That 
before he cast the vote of his State, he was instructed to offer a few 
words of explanation. He said that it was known to the Convention 
that although the vote of Missouri had been cast as a unit for Judge 
Douglas, that there were on that delegation many friends of President 
Pierce, and also a large minority who preferred Mr. Buchanan as their 
first choice. Yet, having determined among themselves not to depart 
from the list of names before the Convention, they had from the begin- 
ning decided to vote for Mr. Pierce, or Mr. Douglas or Mr. Buchanan, 
till the one or the other was nominated. Mr. Douglas has endeared 
himself to the State of Missouri and to the whole country, in manfully 
standing up for all the great principles of the Constitution, in justly 
interpreting and enforcing all its guarantees and powers, with a con- 
stancy and fidelity never surpassed by any statesman of the country. 
But it was by his authorship of the Kansas-Nebraska bill, and his argu- 
ments of transcendent ability and eloquence in its supj^ort, and the 
moral heroism with which he has constantly met and vanquished the 
enemies of our peace, and the enemies of our Union, that he has estab- 
lished himself in the hearts and affections of the people. But, in a spirit 
of manly self-denial, he has directed his friends to withdraw his name 
from the list of those now before the Convention for nomination. We 
surrender him, therefore, to be warmed and cherished in the hearts of 
the people, to still further add to his glorious record of sound states- 
manship, until his countrymen call upon him for the performance of 
still greater duties in higher spheres. 

Thus, then, we are free to cast our united vote for him who, from 
the beginning and for many years, was the honored and long-cherished 
first choice of a large minority of us — a statesman of the greatest tal- 
ents and ability, the most enlarged experience, and the most pre-emi- 
nent qualifications for the high office of President of the United States. 
His record of forty years is but the record of his wisdom and services as 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 55 

a statesman, his ability and sagacity as a diplomatist, and his devotion 
to the Union and the rights of the States. It is a record without a 
blemish and without a stain. The hearts of his countrymen are warmed 
and drawn to him with a force and a fervor which will bear him with 
shouts and acclamations into the Presidential chair. Being one of his 
original, ardent and long-devoted friends, my delegation has kindly 
accorded to me the grateful pleasure of casting our unanimous vote for 
that noble son of a noble State, James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. 

President — Call Arkansa'i. 

Secretary — Arkansas ! 

Mr. Flournoy, of Arkansas — It is known, sir, to this Convention, 
that the delegation from Arkansas came here instructed to cast their 
vote for the present Executive, Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire. 
In accordance with those instructions, they faithfully adhered to him 
until they saw he no longer had a chance to obtain the nomination of 
the Convention. They then came enthusiastically and harmoniously 
to the support of the Little Giant of Illinois. They have voted for him 
since that time, and wherever his banner was seen to float, there were 
we seen to battle. But, sir, we have had no factious opposition to 
make to any candidate. Our vote was merely the expression of a per- 
sonal preference. It was well known to us, and well appreciated, that 
James Buchanan was a pure patriot and a great man, and that he was 
in every way worthy of our support and our vote. While, for a time, 
we did battle against him, we never meant our vote to go beyond the 
circle of the three names which were originally presented to this Con- 
vention, and we always intended, whenever there should be a firm and 
decided majority in favor of Mr. Buchanan, to show that we were ani- 
mated by no factious spirit of opposition, and to add our vote to those 
of his supporters. We are now as enthusiastic friends of Mr. Buchanan 
as can be found on this floor. There is, sir, an anecdote in history 
which would well illustrate the position of Arkansas. When the 
Prince and Princess of Armenia were captured by Cyrus, and led out 
to receive the sentence of death or of banishment that might be imposed 
on them by the conqueror, and the Prince was asked what he had to 
say why sentence should not be pronounced, he answered that for him- 
self he had nothing to say, but for the Princess he asked that she might 
be permitted to return to her own country — "as for me," he said, "do 
with me as you please." After she had returned, when all were ex- 
pressing admiration for Cyrus, who was said to be the man of most 
gallant bearing in the world, the Princess was asked what she thought 
of him. She replied that she had never seen him. When surprise was 
manifested that she, who had been in his presence, had not seen him, 
she answered that she had no eyes except for the man who had been 
willing to sacrifice his own life to save hers. Thus, sir, it is with 
Arkansas. From this time till November, she will have no eyes except 
for James Buchanan. I pledge myself that, in November next, she 
will give for him in proportion to her vote a larger majority than any 
other State in the Union. And, sir, as I am always willing to back 
my judgment, I will bet a banner, to be worked by the fairest hands in 
Arlfansas, that such will be the case. 



56 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Many members — We take the bet. 

Mr. Flom-noy — Well, sir, the banners will be ready to send to the 
States that win them, and I predict that after the election, we shall be 
overwhelmed with flags from every State in the Union. As I have 
said, we have hitherto been opposed to the nominee of this Convention, 
but our opposition has been guided by dignity and moderation. We 
expect — and we have some reason to expect it — that we shall meet with 
noble and generous conquerors, and that some little favor will be ex- 
tended to us when we express a choice for the second office in the gift 
of the Convention. I now cast the four votes of Arkansas for James 
Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. 

Secretary : Michigan ! 

Mr. : Michigan still casts her six votes for James Buchanan. 

Secretary : Florida ! 

Response : Florida casts her three votes for James Buchanan. 

When the vote of Texas was called, Mr. Waelder, of Texas, said : 

Mr. President : In 1852, when the final vote of the National Con- 
vention was taken, Texas had no speech to make, neither does she desire 
to impose a long speech upon the Convention of 1856 ; but, sir, as 
chairman of the Texas delegation, I desire to say these few words : 

Heretofore the State of Texas has cast her four votes, first for Frank- 
lin Pierce, next for Stephen A. Douglas. In thus casting her vote, she 
did not regard James Buchanan as less pure, as less true to our com- 
mon Constitution; but, sir, she voted for Franklin Pierce and Stephen 
A. Douglas, because they had been more actively engaged in the strug- 
gle which has of late convulsed every section of our country. 

We heartily concur in the nomination of James Buchanan. As the 
Democracy of Pennsylvania have heretofore done battle for the consti- 
tutional rights of the South, and of every section of the Union, so the 
Democracy of the " Lone Star " do battle for that favorite, noble son 
of the " Keystone of the Arch." Sir, from the flowered prairies of the 
South-west we extend the Democratic hand of fellowship to the Demo- 
cracy of every section of this Union. 

As to the vote of Texas on the first Monday of November next, I 
will make no pledges. But that our majority for the Democratic cause 
will out-rival even that of the native State of the nominee, in propor- 
tion to the population of the two States, I have no doubt. 

I now cast the four votes of the State of Texas (and I do so with 
great pleasure) for James Buchanan, of Pennsylvania. 

Iowa next cast her four votes for James Buchanan. 
Wisconsin being called : Five votes for James Buchanan. 

The Secretary then called for California, when she answered as fol- 
lows : 

Mr. Inge, of California — Mr. President : California came here for 
the purpose of giving a frank, loyal and united support to the eminent 
statesman who is now receiving by general acclaim from this Conven- 
tion the enthusiastic tribute of generous hearts, vindicating him as 
their unanimous choice for a position higher in moral grandeur than 
the loftiest of the imperial thrones of this Earth. 

The expression of preference for Mr. Buchanan, on the part of our 
State Convention, left the delegation in no doubt as to the course pro- 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 57 

per for them to pursue. But the State Convention, at the same time 
that it expressed, in distinct terms, its preference for Buchanan, virtual- 
ly instructed us to obtain from this National Convention of the great 
Democratic party, a full endorsement of the policy of a safe and speedy 
communication, through our own territory, between the Atlantic and 
Pacific coasts of this confederacy. It must be conceded that no achieve- 
ment of American arms or diplomacy, has redounded more to the 
prosperity and glory of our country than the acquisition of California. 
[Here Mr. Inge was called to order by the President, who remarked, 
that he was traveling beyond the record, and could not proceed with- 
out the unanimous consent of the Convention. Cries of leave ! leave ! 
accompanied with applause, from all parts of the hall, invited the 
Speaker to proceed with his remarks, who continued as follows : 

I am deeply grateful to this Convention for the consideration 
accorded to the distant State of California. This Convention remem- 
bers, Mr. President, that we have traveled six thousand miles, travers- 
ing two oceans, and braving the fiery sun and the deadly malaria of the 
tropics, to meet our democratic brothers here, and to aid in this glorious 
consummation. [Applause.] The acquisition of California, as I have 
said, was justly regarded as the most brilliant achievement of the 
American arms. To accomplish it much of the most precious blood 
of the republic has been shed, and millions of treasure have been lavishly 
expended. From the year 1800, from the days of Jefferson to the treaty 
of Guadalupe Hidalgo, the acquisition of that territory, has been a 
paramount object of American diplomacy. It has ever been the dreani 
of our statesmen, and an object dear to the hearts of our people to 
make America an ocean-bound republic. [Applause.] 

Well sir, that country has been acquired. She is now a member of 
our ocean-bound confederacy — the brightest star in the glorious con- 
stellation of American States. [Applause.] There she lies before 
you sir, filled with an industrious and energetic population ; with her 
vast commercial and agricultural resources ; and with a climate, whose 
geniality attests, more than any other creation of Omnipotent power, 
the beneficence of God to his creatures. Above all she is distinguisha- 
ble from her sisters, by the golden treasures, sparkling in exhaustless 
profusion upon her surface, and which lie embedded in her snow- 
capped mountains. But with all these facts entitling California to the 
favorable consideration of the federal government, after having been 
a sovereign member of the confederacy for nearly six years, after con- 
tributing five hundred millions of dollars to the wealth of the country. 
What has been done to facilitate communication between the Atlantic 
and Pacific coasts of the confederacy ? California, at this day, remains 
isolated in position, and practically out of the Union, by the failure of 
Congress to establish the means of an overland communication. On 
this subject the masses of the American people are imited. State 
legislatures, mass meetings, the press of the country with its thousand 
tongues, have urged upon Congress prompt and efficient legislation, 
for the attainment of this great national object. Look, for a moment, 
at her present condition. The route across the plains, infested with 
hostile Indians, is no longer open to the adventurous march of the 
emigrant. In Nicaragua civil war rages ; in the midst of which there 



«;!§§ PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



is no protection to life or property. The emigrant can only pass there, 
between files of contending soldiers, and with feet stained with human 
blood. At Panama, the brntal and savage negro, animated by the 
hope of plunder, have recently assailed our unarmed countrymen, 
inflicting death indiscriminately. Upon both the Isthmus routes, dan- 
ger, disease and death stand in frightful array along the pathway of the 
emigrant. Sir, we ask that the federal government may exercise all its 
constitutional power, to provide a safe and speedy communication 
over our own territory between the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of this 
Union. A resolution embiacing that policy, has been laid on the 
table by a vote of this Convention, the delegation from Pennsylvania, 
. voting aye upon the motion to lay upon the table. With the vote of 
Pennsylvania, thus recorded, against a policy so vital to the interests 
of our State, the delegation from California have not felt it consistent 
with their own self respect, or with the dignity of the State which they 
have the honor to represent, to cast their votes for James Buchanan. 
But they have assurances now, that Mr. Buchanan does not concur in 
the opposition to that measure, indicated by the votes of the Pennsylva- 
nia delegation, and we therefore cordially acquiesce in his nomination, 
and pledge our State to his support. Sir, we do more, we pledge her 
to an overwhelming majority. When the shouts of victory from the 
East boom across the plains and ascend the lofty summits of the Cor- 
dilleras, they will be met by responsive shouts of triumph from the 
golden valleys of the Pacific State. [Tremendoiis applause.] 

[Subsequently tlie pi'oposition for an overland communication, within our 
own territory between the Atlantic and Pacific, was voted upon, directly, by 
the Convention, the Pennsylvania delegation voting unanimously against 
laying the same on the table; and, on its final passage a portion of said dele- 
gation voted for, and a portion against its adoption; said proposition having 
been carried ; ayes 20-5, noes 87.] 

The President of the Convention — Gentlemen : The result of the 
seventeenth ballot is as follows: James Buchanan has received 296 
votes, which being the whole vote cast, and the entire vote of the Con- 
vention, I announce with pleasure, that James Buchanan, of Penn- 
sylvania, is unanimously nominated as the Democratic candidate for 
President of the United States. [Vociferous cheering; long continued.] 

Here shouts were raised for Col. Black, of Pennsylvania ; whereupon 
after silence was restored, the Hon. Samuel Black rose and spoke as 
follows : 

Col. Samuel W. Black, of Pennsylvania — Mr. President: At the 
unanimous request of the Pennsylvania delegation, I rise to express 
their thanks for the high honor conferred upon our State, in the unani- 
mous vote of this Convention, now recorded for James Buchanan. I 
do not design, sir, to weary the well tried patience of this assembly 
with a set speech. Your laboi's have been protracted and severe. It 
is desiiable and just that we should bring them to a speedy and har- 
monious conclusion. Pennsylvania, in whose name and stead I am 
permitted to speak, offers from her heart, to every other state of the 
confederacy, this public acknowledgment of deep and sincere gratitude. 
Every portion of our country is here represented. I do not say sec- 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 59 

tion, for, sir, witli the Democracy of Pennsylvania that term is 
abhorred, and the spirit of sectionalism is a by- word and reproach. We 
recognize, and will forever maintain and defend every several right of 
every sovereign State of the American Union. And we will vindicate, 
with the same spirit that leads us to assert the sovereign rights of our 
own State, the rights of the people of every territory to settle for them- 
selves their OAvn form of Government — to choose their own Democratic 
institutions and to manage them according to the council and pleasure 
of their owai will — they, like as we do, submitting in all things to the 
guidance and control of the Constitution of the United States. We 
believe that sentiments similar to these will form amongst the Ameri- 
can people a prevailing aud perpetual bond of Union. Universal confi- 
dence and kindness will take the place of distrust and jealousy. It is 
only by an open and manly recognition of the rights that belong to 
every State and Territory, that we can hope for a peaceful perpetuity 
to our Union. 

That we may attest our earnestness, Pennsylvania, in the presence of 
her country's star-lit flag, and in his presence who is the pattern of his 
coimtry and the father also to the Constitution, though not its author, 
we renew our vows of fidelity to the Union and the Constitution. (A 
portrait of Washington, festooned with flags, was directly in fi'ont of 
the speaker). 

If the evil day should come, which God mercifully avert, when we 
should see the rights of any State abused or crushed, her appeal to 
Pennsylvania will not be in vain. If she is feeble, her weakness w^ill 
strengthen our attachment and love. Oui' beloved State will say from 
the heart to the heart — "Entreat me not to leave thee, nor to return 
from following after thee ; where thou goest I will go, where thou 
lodgest I will lodge, thy people shall be my people, and thy God my 
God. Where thou diest I will die, and there will I be buried. The 
Lord do so to me and mine also, if aught but death part thee and me." 
(Great emotion and applause). 

But, sir, I have wandered from my duty, and returning to it I renew 
our thanks to every State represented in this Convention. Before I 
close allow me to vindicate Pennsylvania's favorite son against the 
charge of having failed in that higher duty which every man owes to 
himself, to society and to the sweeter sex. Mr. Buchanan, we confess, 
is a bachelor. But the reason is a complete vindication as will, I am 
sure, satisfy every gentleman here present. It is this — as soon as James 
Buchanan was old enough to marry, he became wedded to the Con- 
stitution of his country, and the laws of Pennsylvania do not allow a 
man to have more than one wife. 

For some time the cheers, long and loud, from without, and the roar 
of cannon, had announced that along the telegraphic wires the glad 
news was streaming to every part of the Republic that James Buchanan 
Avas the unanimous choice of the American Democracy for President 
of the United States. 

After the vote had been duly recorded, there was such a general sen- 
sation, that it was difficult to proceed with other business. 

B. F. Hallett, from the Committee on Resolutions, reported the fol- 
lowing : 



60 ' PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Resolved, That the administration of Franklin Pierce has been true to the great interests of the 
country. In the face of the most determined opposition it has maintained the laws, enforced econo- 
my, fostered progress, and infused integrity and vigor into every department of tlie government at 
home. It has signally improved our treaty relations, extended the field of commercial enterprise, 
and vindicated the rights of American citizens al)road. It has asserted with eminent im])artiality 
the just claims of every section, and has at all times been faithful to the Constitution. We there- 
fore proclaim our unqualified approbation of its measures and its policy. 

Adopted, witli long and rapturous applause, and iinanimouslj. 

The Committee on Resolutions, to whom was referred the resolution 
submitted by the delegation for Virginia, have instructed their Chair- 
man to ask that they be discharged from its further consideration. 

June 5, 1856. B. F. HALLETT, Chairman. 

Which Report was concurred in. 

H. B. Wright, of Pennsylvania, with remarks, offered the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the proceedings in this Convention, relating to the conflicting delegations fi-om 
the State of New York, be stricken from the record thereof, and that we earnestly recommend to 
both delegations here present to unite in a call for a single State Convention to nominate an elec- 
toral ticket and ticket for State officers. 

The following are the remarks of Mr. Beardsley, Mr. Ludlow and 
Governor Seymour, of New York, upon the resolution offered by Mr. 
Wright, of Pennsylvania, to expunge from the reports of the Commit- 
tee on Credentials all but the resolutions in the New York case : 

Mr. Beardsley rose deliberately and said — For the representatives of 
our section of the Democracy of New York, I am ready to avow here, 
that they have every wish to unite the Democracy of New York on 
sound principles, and to sustain the nomination made here and all who 
stand firmly on the platform which has been erected by the Conven- 
tion. They, sir, have no reproaches to make. They honestly agree to 
act as they believe to be the wish of their brethren throughout the 
Union, and they entertain the firm conviction that the vote of New 
York will exhibit a glorious Democratic victory at the coming election. 
I have said enough to show what we feel, and I do not mean to imply 
a doubt that our brethren in New York will participate in these feel- 
ings, and act in accordance with the pledge we have given. 

Mr. Ludlow — On behalf of the delegation which I have the honor to 
represent, I most cordially and most heartily reciprocate the sentiments 
avowed by the Chairman of the other delegation. Sir, I congratulate 
the Democracy of New York ; I congratulate the Democracy of Penn- 
sylvania ; I congratulate the Democracy of the whole Union, that the 
proposition has been introduced by the gentleman w^ho has been repre- 
senting Pennsylvania on this floor. The introduction of that resolution 
is a pledge on the part of the friends of Mr. Buchanan that whatever 
differences may have grown up, are eradicated forever. By the adop- 
tion of that resolution. New York stands pledged next fall to elect the 
Democi'atic nominee. As an accompaniment to that resolution, not 
as an amendment, but I hope it will be accepted by the mover of the 
resolution now before the Convention, I have one in my hand, which 
I wish to offer. Divided as we have been, it may give rise to some 
embarrassment in New York to choose a member of the National Com- 
mittee. I propose that the election of that member may be referred to 
the next State Convention held under that resolution. 

Which proposition being opposed by Mr. Beardsley, of N. Y., was. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. gj 



at the request of Horatio Seymour, of N. Y., and others, withdrawn by 
Mr. Ludlow, and the original resolution unanimously adopted. 
Thereupon the Convention adjourned until 2 o'clock, P. M. 



Afternoon Session, June 6, 1856. 
At 2 o'clock the Convention was called to order, 

Mr. Shields, of Missouri, rose and said — Mr. President, I have been 
unanimously instructed by the Delegation from Missouri to offer in 
their name, the resolution which I now send to the Clerk's table to be 
read, and I ask this Convention to adopt the same, not only as an act 
of justice to the Great West and our Pacific brethren, but as a measure 
to bind more closely together our wide-spread Union in enduring 
bonds. It has been framed with a view to secure, if possible, the 
unanimous approval of this body. The President decided that under 
the rules, the resolution must go, without debate, to the Committee on 
Resolutions. The resolution was as follows : — 

Resolved, That it is the duty of the Federal Gtovernment to construct, so far as it has constitu- 
tional power so to do, a safe overland communication within our own territory between the Pacific 
and Atlantic States. 

Mr. Saunders of Wisconsin — I offer the following amendment to 
the resolution of the gentleman from Missouri, and I move that the 
Committee on Resolutions be instructed to report it back to the Con- 
vention with the recommendation that the same be adopted. 

Resolved, That the Democratic party recognizes the irreat importance, in a political and com- 
mercial point of view, of a safe and speedy communication through our own territory between the 
Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the Union, and that it is the duty of the Federal Government to 
exercise all its constitutional power to the attainment of that object, thereby binding the Union of 
these States in indissoluble bonds, and opening to the rich commerce of Asia an overland transit 
from the Pacific to the Jlississippi River, and the great lakes of the North. 

Here Gov. Chapman raised a point of order, viz.: that under the 
special order of the Convention we must now proceed to the nomina- 
tion of Vice President. 

President — ^There is no such special order. 

Mr. Thompson, of Mississippi, moved to lay the whole subject on 
the table. 

Mr. Shields accepted the resolution of the gentleman of Wisconsin, 
as an amendment of his own. 

On the motion to lay on the table, the votes by States being taken, 
resulted as follows — Ayes 74, nays 220. 

Ayes — New Hampshire 4, Massachusetts 1, Rhode Island 2, Con- 
necticut 4, New Jersey 7, Delaware 1, Virginia 15, North Carolina 10, 
South Carolina 8, Georgia 7, Mississippi 7, Ohio 6, Tennessee 1, 
Florida 3—74. 

Nays — Maine 8, New Hampshire 1, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 12, 
Rhode Island 2, Connecticut 2, New York 35, Pennsylvania 27, Del- 
aware 2, Maryland 8, Georgia 31, Alabama 9, Louisiana 6, Ohio 17, 
Kentucky 12, Tennessee 11, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Missouri 9, 



62 ' PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, California 
4—220. 

So the rootion to lay on the table was lost. 

Mr. Phelps of Missouri — If my friend from Michigan will withdraw 
bis motion, which is out of order, I will move to suspend the rules, 
which will bring the Convention to a direct vote on the resolution 
itself. 

President — The motion of the gentleman from Wisconsin is out of 
order — does he give way for the gentleman from Missouri. 

Mr. Saunders — I Avithdraw my motion, and make that suggested 
by the gentleman fiom Missouri — that the rules be suspended. 

The vote was called for by States, and was as follows : — 

Ayes — Maine 8, New Hampshire 1, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 11, 
Ehode Island 2, Connecticut 3, New York 35, Pennsylvania 6, Del- 
aware 2, Maryland 8, Georgia 3, Alabama 9, Missouri 7, Louisiana 6, 
Ohio 19, Kentucky 12, Tennessee 11, Indiana, 13, Illinois 11, Mis- 
souri 9, Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, 
California 4—208. 

Nays — New Hampshire 4, Massachusetts 2, Rhode Island 2, Con- 
necticut 3, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 21, Delaware 1, Virginia 15, 
North Carolina 10, South Carolina 8, Georgia 7, Ohio 4, Tennessee 1, 
Florida 3—88. 

So the rules were suspended, by a vote of two-thirds. 

Mr, Inge, of California, then moved the adoption of the resolution, 
and on this Hiotion called for the previous question. 

The call for the previous question being sustained, the vote was 
taken on the resolution, and resulted as follows :-— 

Ayes — Maine 8, New Hampshire 1, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 11, 
Rhode Island 2, Connecticut 3, New York 35, Pennsylvania 6, Del- 
aware 1, Maryland 8, Georgia 6, Alabama 9, Mississippi 7, Louisiana 
6, Ohio 14, Kentucky 12, Tennessee 11, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, 
Missouri 9, Arkansas 4, Michigan 6, Texas 4, Iowa 4, Wisconsin 5, 
California 4 — 205. 

Nays — New Hampshire 4, Massachusetts 2, Rhode Island 2, Con- 
necticut 3, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 21, Delaware 1, Virginia 15, 
North Carolina 10, South Carolina 8, Georgia 4, Ohio 6, Tennessee 1, 
Florida 3—87. 

So the resolution was adopted by the Convention. 

Mr. Phelps, of Missouri — I now move to reconsider the vote adopt- 
ing the resolution, and move further that said motion be laid on the 
table, so as to clinch the passage of said resolution. Adopted. 

The President then announced that the next business in order was 
the nominations for Vice President. 

Mr. C. A. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, arose and said, I am instructed 
unanimously by the delegation to present to the Convention, for the 
second office in the gift of the Democracy, that tried Democrat of their 
own State, Linn Boyd, of Kentucky. [Loud applause.] 

Thomas L. Harris, of Illinois.— Mr. President : By the unanimous 
vote of the delegation from Illinois, I present to the Convention for 
the Vice Presidency the name of a gentleman who, though born on the 
banks of the Hudson, now lives on the banks of the Mississippi. He 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. gg 

was a gentleman of whom the whole nation was proud; who was 
equally distinguished for the boldness, as for the goodness of his heart; 
whose nature was as warm and affectionate as it was true and gallant. 
1 have had the honor to serve under him in the perilous scenes of a 
fierce conflict in a hostile and distant land, and I can bear personal 
testimony to his patriotism, his fidelity to duty, his dauntless bravery — 
he was ever foremost where danger and duty called. He it was who 
so nobly led the gallant volunteers of his country through such appall- 
ing dangers into the very heart of the enemy's capital, and there first, 
on one of the loftiest citadels of the Montezumas, planted the banner 
of the Republic. This name, which Illinois, with her unanimous voice 
and all her heart, presented to the Convention for the Vice Presidency, 
was John A. Quitman, of Mississippi. [Immense and prolonged 
applause.] 

Gen. J. L. Lewis, of Louisiana, was instructed by his delegation to 
present the name of John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, for the Vice 
Presidency. [Applause.] 

Mr. Breckinridge arose amid great applause. It Avas some time 
before the cheering ceased and be could be heard. He said : 

Mr. President : How can I adequately express my gratitude to the 
noble State of Louisiana, for this flattering manifestation of their good 
will ? But, Sir, I have always held that promotion should follow 
seniority. Besides, I am already a candidate for the votes of the peo- 
ple, having been designated by the Democracy as the elector in my 
district, and expect soon to enter upon an active campaign — to traverse 
the valleys and climb the mountains of my native State, in behalf of 
the distinguished and noble candidate we have already selected for the 
Presidency, and, in advocacy of the glorious State Rights Platform, 
which we have adopted with such signal unanimity. There is still 
another reason why my name should not be pressed for this high post. 
The delegation of my own State, with which I cordially concur, have 
already presented the name of one of her sons — a tried and able cham- 
pion of Democracy — for this very office. I can never consent that my 
name should be placed in opposition to, or my meiits in competition 
with his. I beg, therefore, with grateful acknowledgements for the 
ftigh compliment offered me by the delegation from Louisiana, that my 
name may be withdrawn. [Great applause.] 

Mr. Chapman, of Alabama — Mr. President : In behalf of the Ala- 
bama delegation, I am proud to present for the consideration of the 
Convention, the name of one of her tried and talented statesmen; one 
who has already — in the high office he so worthily fills — evinced his 
fidelity to the faith of the Democracy; I name Benjamin Fitzpatrick. 
With such a name associated with that of Pennsylvania's great and 
wise statesman, Alabama, in the next contest, Avill roll up a majority 
of fifteen thousand. In answer to the objection that the last Vice 
President was taken from Alabama, I would remind the Convention of 
the melancholy event by which the nation was deprived of the services 
of that distinguished statesman, so long the intimate and confidential 
friend of James Buchanan. [Applause.] 

A delegate from Tennessee nominated A. V. Brown, and spoke of 
his fidelity to the Democracy for thirty years; his intimacy and cor- 



Q^ PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



dial co-operation with Jackson and Polk, and declared that, with his 
name, the Democratic party would, in the next election, achieve one of 
the most brilliant triumphs in the history of political victories. 

Mr. Wilson, of South Carolina — ^IVIr. President : In behalf of the 
delegation of South Carolina, I beg to present to the Convention the 
name of one of the distinguished sons of the Old Dominion, whom 
genius, eloquence and soi:nd Democracy commend him to the people, 
as the man for the high position for which we are now about to nominate 
the candidate. Sir, I alkide to James A. Seddon. [Great applause.] 

Jas. A. Seddon of Viiginia — Mr. President, I appreciate profoundly 
the honor conferred by the nominqtion just made, and am especially 
gratified by the source whence it has proceeded. To receive the appro- 
ving plaudits of the "gallant Percy of the South" is inestimably grate- 
ful to my feelings, and till my heart's last throb must be borne in 
indelible remembrance. I must, however, decline the nomination ten- 
dered, and beg the honorable gentleman to withdraw my name from the 
candidacy. The Virginia delegation, with my entire assent, have con- 
curred in the sentiment that, considering the circumstances under ^vhich 
she has acted and the position she has occupied in relation to the nomi- 
nation for the Presidency, it would be more consistent with her dignity 
and honor that no son of hers should be placed in nomination for the 
Vice-President. In addition, I may add as my private judgment, that 
it would be more judicious and disinterested that no nomination for the 
Vice-Presidency slaould be made from among the delegates to the nomi- 
nating body. In deference, therefore, both to the ascertained sentiment 
of my co-delegates and to my personal conviction, I beg, with all respect 
to the gallant Slate proposing me, that my name be withdrawn, and I 
am happy to be able to illustrate in my own case the principle of dis- 
interestedness commended by my State and my own judgment. 

Mr. Avery, of North Carolina — I am instructed by the delegation of 
North Carolina to call the attention of the Convention to the merits 
and c[uallfications of one of her distinguished sons, whose ability and 
high administrative talents have been so conspicuously displayed in that 
department of the Executive Government which is most intimately 
connected with the interest and feelings of the people. North Carolina 
was a modest State ; she rarely obtruded her pretensions on her brothers 
of other States ; but the great attainments, eminent services and wide 
popularity of her son, induced her delegation now to present his name 
for the second office in the gift of the Democracy. North Carolina pre- 
sented the name of James C. Dobbin. [Loud cheers.] 

Mr. Underwood, of Georgia — Mr. President : Since the Government 
was established, Geoig'ia has had but three Cabinet or excutive offices 
in the Government. Her recent brilliant triumphs for the Democracy 
give some claims to be considered in the choice of the candidate for at 
least the second office in the Government, I will, therefore, present the 
name of one of her sons who, in two of the severest political battles 
ever fought in the State, bore with his stalwart arm and dauntless heart 
the flag of Democracy to glorious victory, that man who had met one 
of the fiercest and most dangerous factions that ever raised its grim 
front in the land, and sent it howling back to its den. 

I propose the name of Herschell V. Johnson. [Loud applause.] 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 65 

Mr. Moore, of Maine, presented tlie name, and gave the eight votes 
of his State for Thomas J. Rusk, of Texas. 

A delegate from Texas said that, while the delegation from Texas 
felt highly honored in having her favorite son named for the Vice-Pre- 
sidency, they felt it their duty to that distinguished citizen to heg that 
his name be withdrawn. General Rusk had recently received the unani- 
mous vote of the Legislature of his State for the United States Senate, 
and he felt it to be his duty to remain at his post and fulfill the wishes 
and guard the honor and interests of his State in that important sphere. 

Mr. G. Salisbury, of Delaware, nominated Jas. A. Bayard, of his 
State, for the Vice-Presidency. 

Mr. W. Salisbury, of Delaware — I nominate that eminent son of 
Delaware, and distinguished Democrat of Missouri, the standard-bearer 
of its gallant Democracy, Trusten Polk. 

Mr. Phelps, of Missouri : Missouri higHy appreciates this compli- 
ment to her distinguished citizen, coming as it does from his native 
State ; but that gentleman had already been placed in nomination by 
the Democracy of Missouri for the Governorship of the State. He was 
already in the iield, and the Democracy of Missouri could not spare him 
for any other post. He begged, therefore, that his name might be 
withdrawn. 

In that State the contest is a peculiar one. Our geographical position 
and the strange effort made there by those upon whose pretensions this 
Convention has already passed, demands that the eloquent voice of our 
nominee for Governor shall continue to be heard, arousing her true 
Democracy as by a trumpet blast to the great battle, in which all friends 
of the Constitution and Union are now to engage under the national 
championship of the honored son of Pennsylvania. The Democracy 
of Missouri, by acclamation, put their standard into his hands — they 
mean to respond with enthusiasm to his appeals. Only a few weeks 
are to elapse before the election. It is too late for them in that vast 
State to change front now, by substitution of a new Gubernatorial 
candidate. Knowing his devotion to the cause, as manifested in the 
self-sacrifice he made, in consenting to bear our State banner, notwith- 
standing the situation of his private affairs, and knowing that his pure 
patriotism always beats exultant to the call of duty, regardless of self, 
the Missouri Delegation, profoundly thankful for the warm regard 
expressed by his native State, as well as others, beg his friends from 
Delaware to withdraw his name. Missouri, in her State election, mu.st 
meet the first shock of the conflict. It is important that she should 
meet it triumphantly. The Democracy of the Union need Trusten Polk 
where he now is, and where Missouri has placed him. [Cheers.] 

The President.-=-The Convention will now proceed to ballot for a 
candidate for the Vice Presidency. The Secretary will call the States. 

Maine. — Rusk, 8 votes. 

New Hampshire. — Quitman, 1; Fitzpatrick, 2; Dobbin, 2. 
5 



66 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



When Vermont was called, Mr. Smalley said — The delegation of 
Vermont believing that no Democrat has a right to refuse his services 
when his conntry calls, have instructed me to cast the five votes of 
Vermont for the talented, accomplished and eloquent son of Kentucky, 
John C. Breckinridge. [Loud applaiise.] 

John C. Breckinridge, 5. ' 

Massachusetts — Quitman, 1; Fitzpatrick, 2; Brown, 6; Jolinson, 1; 

Bayard, 1 ; Rusk, 2. 
Rhode Island — Johnson, 4. 
Connecticut — Johnson, 6. 
New York — Quitman, 7 ; Bayard, 18. 
New Jersey — Boyd, 2; Polk, 5. 
Pennsylvania — Butler, 27. 
Delaware — Bayard, 3. 
^laryland — Johnson, 8. 
Virginia — Breckinridge, 15. 
North Carolina — Dobbin, 10. 
South Carolina — Quitman, 8. 
Georgia — Johnson, 10. 
Alabama — Fitzpatrick, 9. 
Mississippi — Quitman, 7. 
Louisiana — Breckinridge, 6. 

Ohio — Quitman, 8 ; Boyd, 6 ; Johnson, 2 ; Breckinridge, 7. 
Kentucky — Boyd, 12. 
Tennessee — Brown, 12. 
Indiana — Boyd, 13. 
Illinois — Quitman, 11. 
* Missouri — Bayard, 9. 
Arkansas — Quitman, 4. 
Michigan — Brown, 6. 
Florida — Dobbin, 4. 
Texas — Quitman, 8; Brown, 1. 
Iowa — Breckinridge, 4. 
Wisconsin — Rusk, 5. 
California — Brown, 4. 

Before the vote was announced, Maine changed her 8 votes from Rusk 
to Breckinridge ; and New Hampshire changed her 5 votes, and cast 
them also for Breckinridge. 

Total.— Quitman,59; Boyd 33; Fitzpatrick, 11; Brown, 29; Dobbin, 
13; Johnson, 31; Breckinridge, 51; Bayard, 31; Polk, 5; Butler, 27; 
Rusk, 7, 

On the second ballot, Maine, New Hampshire and Vermont led off 
for Breckinridge — Massachusetts followed with eleven out of thirteen 
votes — Rhode Island followed with her four, then the New York Softs 
gave him eighteen. Delaware, Maryland and Virginia voting in the 
same way, it became quite obvious that he was the choice of the body, 
and though several of the remaining States voted for other candidates, 
they quickly, one by one, changed their votes ; the several delegates 
making neat and appropriate speeches in annotmcing the change of the 
vote. The entire vote being polled for John C. Breckinridge, of Ken- 
tucky. 

Then commenced the withdrawal. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 67 

Mr. Salisbury withdrew the name of Bayard, and threw the vote of 
Delaware for Breckinridge. ,., 

When Connecticut was called, P. C. Childs said : Mr. President — 
Let the South say whom they desire for this office, and we will put 
him through in a minute. If they don't agree, Connecticut will put 
Isaac Toucey in the field. 

Another delegate from Connecticut — Oh, no : we will keep Toucey 
for some higher game. 

Chapman, of Albama, withdrew Fitzpatrick and threw the vote of 
that State for Breckinridge. 

Col. Bates, of Tennessee, withdrew A. V. Brown, pledging his cor- 
dial support of the ticket and declaring the vote for Breckinridge. 

Governor Matthews, of Mississippi, after returning thanks to Illinois 
for placing Mississippi's favorite son in nomination, withdrew the 
name of Quitman. 

All the other candidates were severally withdrawn by the gentlemen 
who had nominated them. 

Quickly all the other States changed their votes, wheeled into line, 
and before the roll was concluded there was a solid column of all the 
delegations, and two hundred and ninety-six votes were given for John 
C. Breckinridge. (Immense cheering, long continued, enthusiastic and 
overwhelming.) 

The whole Convention rose, and with waving of handkerchiefs and 
and the loudest calls, directed its gaze upon the tall and graceful dele- 
gate from Kentucky, who had been so unexpectedly nominated for such 
an exalted post. 

It was long before these demonstrations subsided so as to allow a 
word to be heard. At last the manly form of Mr. Breckinridge stood 
above the surrounding crowd, and silence and profound attention mark- 
ing the aspect of the vast assembly, he spoke as follows : 

Mr, President, and gentlemen of the Democratic National Conven- 
tion : The result just announced is quite as unexpected to me as it 
could be to any gentlemen on this floor. In the inferior and personal 
aspect of the matter, I beg you to consider all said that ought to be said 
on such an occasion. I am trul}^ and sincerely without words to con- 
vey to you my profound gratitude for such an unexpected and signal 
testimonial of your confidence and favor. I may say sincerely, and 
call upon my associates in this body to bear witness to its truth, that 
in my course as a member of this body, I have made no concealments 
of my preferences, nor used any art or taken one step toward bringing 
about this result. 

But it is not my purpose to make a speech. I merely arose to ex- 
press to you the thanks of a true heart. I may add, too, the declara- 
tion of my high appreciation of the association of my humble name 
with that of the distinguished and tried statesman of Pennsylvania. I 



68 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



have alw.ays regarded Mr. Buchanan as the last survivor of that nohle 
band of American statesmen and orators, whose names are associated 
with the brightest glories of our country, and whose deeds constitute 
its most cherished memorials. He has come down from that genera- 
tion to transmit and guide us of the present. He has lived down 
calumny and detraction, and now stands forth the peerless champion 
of Democracy. Honored and beloved by all his countrymen, and only 
waitino- a few months to be clothed with the highest dignity the nation 
and the people can confer. 

The platform you have so unanimously adopted I need not, as a 
State-Rights man, say I cordially approve and indorse. With these 
true Jefiersonian principles, and with the temper of Jackson to enforce 
and maintain them , Democracy will enter the contest with the determina- 
tion to add another to the brilliant victories which have so often crowned 
their efforts. It would not be appropriate to discuss any general prin- 
ciple or enter further upon the issues which will be involved in this 
contest. I will therefore conclude by expressing my purpose to devote 
all my heart and mind to the great duty which has been so unexpectedly 
conferred upon me, and to strive to justify the confidence which you 
have manifested. [Immense applause. Loud cheers within and with- 
out the hall.] 

During the delivery of the speech of Mr. Breckinridge, the cannon of 
the Empire Club were thundering their approval of the nomination, 
and the Convention was boisterous in its applause. 

When Mr. Breckinridge resumed his seat, there was a loud call for 
Mr. Preston of Kentucky, when that gentleman came forward and 
addressed the Convention in an eloquent off-hand speech, which pro- 
duced the most thrilling effect. 

Wm. E. Preston, of Kentucky said : Mr. President and Gentlemen of the Con- 
vention, I am at present laboring under much physical debility, but I can not 
feel insensible to the honor you have done me, by thus unexpectedly calling., 
me to the stand. Although by this expression of your esteem, so genially 
given, I feel as much surprised as my friend and comrade must have been, 
by the great testimonial -ivhich you have but just now given by his selection 

I ^Yill not say nomination — for the oiSce of Vice-Presidency of the United 

States. For myself, I stand here comparatively a stranger amongst you ; but 
he had a right by inheritance to the favorable opinions of the Democracy, 
axLd his elevation to the second office in the Government, is an auspicious, 
augury of the return of Kentucky to the Democratic faith of her fathers. 
(Great applause.) It is the preliminary announcement of the return of my 
native State to the honored principles of the past, those principles vi^hich were 
in the ascendant, when .John Breckinridge of Kentucky, the grand-father of 
the nominee, asserted with all the strength of a virtuous purpose and signal 
ability the celebrated resolutions of 1798, the foundation upon which yet 
repose the principles of the Democratic party, and their theory of the Consti- 
tution. I do not appropriate to myself personally the loud acclaims which 
have greeted me in this assembly, but I regard it as a generous earnest of that 
mao-nanimous regard which the Democracy have exhibited for all that true 
and loyal band of old Whigs whose honorable existence as. a party having 
closed are now compelled to choose between the factions,— I will not flatter them 
with the name of parties,— that are struggling in unprincipled confusion for 
political ascendancy, and the great party of the national Democracy. I am 
proud to av«w that I belong to those old Whigs who, revering the Constitution, 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 69 

of our country, look alone to its principles as the true safeguard of the Union, 
rather than to the bigoted and trenchant rituals of a secret organization. 
You know, Mr. President, the glories of the men to whom I allude. They 
have come forward animated alone by love of Rebublican freedom, and dis- 
daining the senseless mummeries of the Know Notlmg order, and the treasona- 
ble doctrine of the Black Republican party, as honorable auxilliaries, to swell 
the ranks that to-day array themselves under the banner of the National 
Democracy, and under the brilliant leadei-ship of Buchanan and Breckinridge. 
(Cheers.) I feel, sir, a profound satisfaction that we came to the aid of the 
party now assembled, and joined its standard in the hour of darkness and 
peril, without terms or compromise, neither asking honors, no longer as 
enemies but as friends determined to stand by that party which did not hesi- 
tate to sustain the Union and the Constitution. In many an honorable field, in 
many a tough contest, the old Whig party, led by its venerated statesmen, 
have encountered the Democracy, and sometimes with success. The policy of 
both were based on the Constitution, and were patriotic and comprehensive, 
but different. No blush of shame rose either to the cheek of the victor or the 
vanquished party when the fight was over but a manly acquiescence in the 
verdict of the people was yielded to the successful party. No oaths to pro- 
scribe the friendless, no obligations to infringe religious freedom stain their 
history, no treasonable dogmas like those of the Black Republicans, impairing, 
if carried into effect, the equality of the States and violating the Constitution, 
marked the race, but a free and honorable difference of opinion as to the 
commercial, financial and domestic policy which should be pursued by the 
nation. Against such factions, however, it now becomes the duty of the Whig 
party to do battle or send in servile capitulation. It is between them and 
the Democracy that the old Whigs of the country are compelled to decide. 
My choice is made, (cheers) and when I see around me the numbers of dele- 
gates who once were members of that organization — when I see them 
seeking refuge in the unshaken battalions of the Democracy — when I know 
that two or three hundred thousand of the old Whig party share our senti- 
ments, I cannot doubt result. It would be unjust in me, to refuse the testi- 
mony I offer to the gallant and patriotic stand made by the Democracy during 
the last two years of the darkest hours that threatened the country. Stand- 
ing as it does this day, it is more gloi'ious far, than at any former period of its 
history. It occupies a grander position than when by the foresight of Jeifer- 
6on, it secured the bright and fertile plains of Louisiana, or when it added the 
beautiful savannahs of Texas to the Union, or when it planted in triumph our 
standard upon the turrets of Mexico, or when it completed the continental 
breadth of the empire, by giving it an ocean boundary on either side, or 
when it impressed the arts, the arms, the civilization and the free institutions 
of our people upon the golden shores of California. (Applause.) Yes, Mr. 
President, grander by far stands the Democratic party of to-day, than at 
either of those proud epochs ; because in the day of gloom and disaster it 
courageously confronted domestic dissentions, trampled under foot the foul 
theory of factions, and now prepares, in this hall, by these principles, and 
under the leaders to-day chosen, to maintain to the last extremity those prin- 
ciples upon which rest the prosperity of our country and the peaceful union 
of these States. It is true that, remembering rather the animosities of the 
past than the emergencies of the present, there are some of the old Whig 
guard that, like John Bunyan's pilgrims, yet halt at Doubting Castle; but 
when the telegraph bears upon its wings the result of this day's deliberations, 
their cheeks will no longer be sicklied with irresolution, but they will rush to 
your standard and join you for the common cause of their country. (Great 
applause.) 

Permit me to add another remark : There were in the States of the North 
a company of gallant men feeling the full force of constitutional obligations 
and recognizing the sovereign right of the States of the Confederacy both to 
regulate their own internal affairs and to lend the impress of our institutions 
to the common territory of the country, without sectional distinction, who, 
when Douglas, with the intrepidity of genius and the foresight of a statesman 



70 



PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



sought to remove forever the irritating causes which for thirty years, had 
produced festering discontent at the North and the South, came forward as 
a forlorn hope, in the passage of the Nebraska-Kansas act. I shall never 
forget the deep emotions of respect and admiration with which I saw them 
repair to resist the sectional prejudices of the people they represented. It 
exhibited a moral grandeur worthy of the best days of the Eepublic. They 
prepared to execute at once and forever an act which Avas the logical conse- 
quence of the compromise of 1850, and to remove forever from the domination 
of Congress to the tribunals of the territories, the decision of the only great 
question which has disturbed the fraternal love of our country. All knew 
that the act was of such magnitude that it could not be performed without 
hearing a loud outcry of fanatics, mal-contents and demagogues, but they 
proved themselves equal to the occasion. The tempest burst forth with all 
its fury ; every foul element of religious rancor and hatred of race, was in- 
voked to increase its strength. The treasonable wave of the Black Republican 
party united with the fierce fanatacism of the miscalled American order, 
swept over the land, and few were able to withstand the shock. I see many 
around me who were the victims of the misguided vengeance of the people. 
Let such men be remembered in your coming hour of victory. If they should 
never arise from their prostrate position, they have fallen because of their 
patriotism and courage, and the epitaph which marked the spot where the 
immoi'tal thi'ee hundred fell at Thermopyl^, might well be inscribed to com- 
memorate their deeds : "Go, stranger, and at Lacedtemon tell that here, obe- 
dient to her laws, we fell." But I can not believe that such injustice would 
ever mark the history of the Democracy. I believe that the people, when 
the public reason is restored, will again lift them in their arms, bind up their 
wounds, and amid the clangor of the approaching Presidential contest, will 
hail thtm as leaders in the greatest battle which it has ever been the fortune 
of the Democracy to offer in behalf of the Constitution and the union, against 
all comers. The first duty of the Deviocracy is to restore those to honor who 
who were the first to maintain, at all hazards, the principles and honor of the 
Democratic party, and whom the enemies of the Democracy first ovewhelmed. 
In conclusion, I return thanks, Mr. President, once more for the high kind- 
ness with which I have been signalized by this Convention; and, in tender- 
ing co-operation and allegiance to the Democratic party, I shall attempt, as 
far as lies within ray humble power, to ride deep into the ranks of our adver- 
saries, and win my spurs in the approaching battle. I shall do this in no 
inimical spirit, but I trust with all the fervor and sincerity of a man who 
appreciates the priceless blessings that our Union confers, believes that they 
can only be preserved by regarding all our people as equal without respect to 
institutions or sections, and is determined while his heart beats to know no 
friends or political associations which do not struggle to attain this end and 
preserve the Union by the only means it can be preserved, which is by a strict 
observance of the Constitution under which we live. I thank heaven that 
while I stand hei'e to-day and gaze across at the hills of my native Kentucky, 
I stand with a party which by the unanimous voices of the delegates of thirty- 
one States, has emblazoned its policy upon its banner, by the party which, by 
a unanimous voice, has selected its leaders — leaders of known worth, ability 
and patriotism, as the exponents of its ideas, and a party which is the same, 
both in principles and in candidates, from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from 
Canada to the Gulf — a party that stands majestic in its strength and simpli- 
city, divided by no chain of mountains, severed by no river, while all the 
other contending factions that hover around it, find that Southern institutions 
are the boundaries of their patriotism, and the Ohio river the frontier of their 
nationality. (Tremendous cheering.) 

Mr. Petit, of Indiana, said — Mr. President, I thank you for the honor 
you have done me in calling me up on this occasion. There is in the 
history of the past of our party but little to bring a blush mantling 
upon the cheek ; while if we look forward there is much to beckon 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION. 71 

onward, and invite us to new hopes, new trials, new victories and 
rewards. With the platform yon have presented, you will march to 
victory, and give repose to the country. 

You have crushed out the viper of a secret organization which 
disseminated itself through the land, poisoning the springs of liberal 
and virtuous political action ; and you stand upon a firm foundation 
with your candidates before the country, certain to triumph in the 
approaching contest. [Mr. Petit spoke further, but in consequence of 
confusion upon the floor we were unable to catch his remarks.] 

Mr. Richardson, of Illinois, moved that the Chair appoint a com- 
mittee of nine to officially inform Messrs. Buchanan and Breckinridge 
of their nomination. Carried. 

The President appointed the following gentlemen to constitute said 
Committee : — 

Richardson of Illinois, Hibbard of New Hampshire, Lawrence of 
Rhode Island, Brown of Mississippi, Tucker of Virginia, Forsyth of 
Alabama, Manning of South Carolina, Preston of Kentucky, Horatio 
Se3^mour, of New York. 

At the uuanimous and earnest request of the Convention, the name 
of the Piesident, John E. Ward, was added to the Committee as 
Chairman thereof. 

The Special Committee appointed to select a National Committee 
submitted the following report : — 

Resolved, That the next Democratic National Convention, be held at Charleston in the State 
of South Carolina. 

Resolved, That the rule adopted by the Convention of 1852, and acted upon in this Conventioa, 
be the rule for the number of delegates each state shall be entitled to in the next Democratic Na- 
tional Convention, and that the National Committee, in calling the next Convention, shall provide 
seats therein for each State equal to twice the number of its electoral votes, and no more. 

Resolved, That the time of holding the next Convention be designated by the Democratic Na- 
tional Committee, and that, in their call, the resolutions of 1852, providing for the number of dele- 
gates, be inserted as the rule for choosing delegates. 

Resolved, That the National Democratic Committee cause an official report of the proceedings 
of this Convention to be prepared, published and distributed among members, for their respective 
States, and tliat said report sliall contain a list of the names of and the post office address of each 
delegate, and the number of electoral votes of each State. 

Resolved, That the first State Convention to be held in New York under one undivided Demo- 
cratic organization, be authorized by this Convention to appoint a member of the National Com- 
mittee fi-om that State. (Signed,) 

THOS. McCREERY, Chairman. 

W. M. PnoH, Secretary. 

After reading the report Mr. McCreery said : — 

In selecting a place for holding the next Convention, the Committee 
was divided between New. York and Charleston. The Democracy of 
both have been recently distracted and divided ; let this be received by 
them as an offering and incentive to union and continued exertion 
in the great Democratic cause. In the name of the Committee he 
presented the report. 

Judge Beardsley would make an explanation as to New York with 
regard to this matter. It will be understood by the Convention that 
until quite recently the Democracy of New York to which I belong, 
did not comprehend that proposition by which it is intended to send 



72 ■* PROCEEDINGS OF THE 



the question of the selection of a National Committeeman to the next 
State Convention to be held in New York. We are prepared to live 
up to the arrangement into which we have entered. 1 hope that it 
may have the eifect of pj'oducing that harmony among us which is so 
much to be desired ; but I hope this Convention will not send to New 
York for decision the trivial matter of selecting a Committeeman. 
It would be a thorn in the side of the Democracy there, and likely to 
cause fresh irritation and disagreement. He would move that all that 
part of the report relating to the New York National Committeeman 
be stricken out. 

Mr, Ludlow opposed this motion. If the matter was so trivial of 
itself, why should it be stricken out ? This matter relating to New 
York, should be sent to New York for decision. He assured them that 
New York had been out of communion with the Democracy of the 
Union too long, and they did not desire to have no committeemen for 
four years longer, but wished to be in communication with other States 
in the National Committee. 

On motion of Mr. Meade, of Virginia, the following resolution was 
offered for the one reported by the committee on the subject : 

Resolved, That each delegation report a name to the Chaii-man to be placed by him in a hat, and 
that he draw one of the names, the same to be declared duly elected a member of the Committee. 

The resolution was adopted and the report was then agreed to. 

Thereupon, the President requested each delegation from New York 
to send one name to the President's table, so that the choice might be 
made. The delegation represented by Judge Beardsley, submitted the 
name of Augustus Schell. Mr. Ludlow said those whom he repre- 
sented would yield to the other members of the New York delegation 
the member of the committee for that State, rather than trouble the 
Convention with such a matter. And the President then announced 
that Augustus Schell was selected as the member of said committee 
on the part of New York. 

The National Democratic Committee, as chosen, was composed of 
the following gentlemen : 

NAMES OF NATIONAL COMMITTEE. 

STATE. NAME. POST OEFICE. 

Maine John Babson Wiscasset. 

New Hampshire John H. George Concord. 

Vermont David A. Smalley Burlington. 

Massacliusetts James Cheever Boston. 

Rhode Island ElishaR. Potter South Kingston. 

Connecticut James T. Pratt Rocky Hill. 

New York Augustus Schell New York City. 

New Jersey Jacob Vanatta Morristown. 

Pennsylvania C. L. Ward Towanda. 

Delaware Wm. D. Ochiltree New Castle. 

Maryland Richard B. Carmichael....Centreville. 

Virginia Wm. H. Clark Halifax Court House. 

North Carolina Thos. D. McDowell Elizabethtown. 

South Carolina Benjamin H. Wilson Georgetown. 

Georgia Wm. K. DeGraffenried Macon. 

Alabama Henry D. Smith Florence. 



NATIONAL DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION 73 

Mississippi AVm. R. Cannon Columbus. 

Louisiana Thomas E. P. Cottman Donaldsonville. 

Ohio C. L. Vallandigham Daj'ton. 

Kentucky George A. Caldwell Louisville. 

Tennessee Randal W. McCavock Nashville. 

Indiana James R. Stack Huntington. 

Illinois Thomas Dyer Chicago. 

Missouri John M. Krum St. Louis. 

Arkansas Albert Rust El Dorado. 

Michigan Jacob Besan Niles. 

Florida A. E. Maxwell Pensacola. 

Texas Wm. S. Oldham Austin. 

Iowa Wm. Thompson Burlingtan. 

Wisconsin Geo. B. Smith Madison. 

California Sam'l H. Dosh Shasta. 

Mr. White, of Connecticut, offered a resolution pledging the exer- 
tions of the Democracy to bring about the single term system. 
Referred to the Committee on Eesolutions without debate. 
On motion of Mr. Riddle, of Delaware, it was 

Resolved, That the unanimous thanks of tliis Convention, be and are hereby extended to the 
Hon. John E. Ward, the presiding officer, and his able assistants, and also to the Hon. A. P. 
Edgerton, and associates, Committee of Arrangements, and all other rfficers, for the able, dignified 
and efficient manner in which they have discliarged theu- resjjective duties. 

The resolution was adopted unanimously. 
On motion of S. W. Inge, of California, 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Convention are due, and are hereby specially tendered to Mr. 
Julius Hessee, of Alabama, and to Alex. E. Gray, of Wisconsin, principal Secretaries, for their 
energy, zeal, and attention to the laborious duties of the Convention. 

Adopted unanimously. 

A vote of thanks to the citizens of Cincinnati for their hospitality 
and kindness during the session of the Convention, was also passed. 
On motion, the Convention then adjourned sine die. 

JOHN E. WARD, President. 

WM. K. KIMBALL. W. H. H. DIXON. 

H. KIMBALL. AMOS LAYMAN. 

ISAAC B. BOWDITCH. SAMUEL WILLIAMS. 

J. C. ABBOTT. JACOB MILLER. 

WM. J. MILLER. JAMES ELDER. 

WM. D. BISHOP. C. H. LAMPHEIR. 

WM. HANNA. DANIEL D. BERRY. 

JOHN N. HUTCHISON. R. E. JACKSON. 

W. P. SNOW. C. C. CHATFIELD. 

WM. F. RITCHIE. J. R. BROOKS. 

H. G. WILLIAMS. W. C. POLLOCK. 

B. WILSON. A. T. WALLING. 

H. BUCHANAN. A. T. GRAY. 

JULIUS HESSEE. J N. DAWLEY. 

A. DERBIS. Sereiaries. 



74 PROCEEEDINGS OF THE 



After the motion to adjourn was declared to he carried, the President, 
on the enthusiastic and repeated call of the Convention came forward 
and spoke, in substance, as follows : 

I have occupied too much of your time to trespass longer on your 
patience. I came among you an unknown stranger, without a herald 
to announce me. I have been received by you in a manner, and hon- 
ored by you with a position far beyond what my fondest hope could 
have anticipated. New as I was to the duties which belong to that 
station, I have found you ready and willing, at all times, to forget my 
errors, and to sustain me in the discharge of those duties. I have 
made errors which appear as facts on the record ; but I trust I have 
no faults to be fastened on your recollections. The struggst here has 
been nobly and manfully contested. Three of the greatest names that 
adorn our country have been presented to this Convention. They 
came before it with ardent, noble, devoted friends. Our enemies said 
in their hearts, like the foes of David, " xlh ha ! Ah ha ! So we would 
have it." They anticipated what they classically termed a fight of 
the Kilkenny cats. But what was the result ? The moment the Con- 
vention designated a man as the choice of the majority, the minority 
stepped forward and offered on the altar of their coimtry, a sacrifice 
of their friendship — the strongest feeling that can animate a man. 
Though the contest has been warm, it has not been an embittered one ; 
and when we pass beyond these walls, and go forth to rally around 
the standard which is borne aloft by that glorious old son of Penn- 
sylvania, and beneath whose mighty shade this whole nation will find 
repose from the distractions which have agitated it, let us forget the 
past, and let our quarrels be like those between man and wife — violent 
while they last, but tending to a closer and sweeter communion. 

These remarks were received with loud cheers, after which the crowd 
of delegates and other spectators separated. 



CORRESPONDENCE 



Lancastke, June 13th, 1856. 
Sir : — The National Convention of the Democratic party, which assembled 
at Cincinnati, on the first Monday in June, unanimously nominated you as a 
candidate for the oflice of President of the United States. 

We have been directed bj' the Convention to convey to you this intelligence, 
and to request you, in their name, to accept the nomination for the exalted 
trust -whicli the Chief JIagistracy of the Union imposes. 

The Convention, founding their action upon the time-honored principles of 
the Democratic party, have announced their views in relation to the chief 
questions which engage the public mind ; and, while adhering to the truths of 
the past, have manifested the policy of the present in a series of resolutions, 
to which we invoke your attention. 

The Convention feel assured, in tendering to 3'ou this signal proof of the 
respect and esteem of your countrymen, that they truly leflect the opinion 
which the people of the United States entertain of your eminent character 
and distinguished public services. They cherish a profound conviction that 
your elevation to the first office in the Republic, will give a moral guarantee 
to the country, that the true principles of the Constitution will be asserted 
and maintained; that the public tranquility will be established; that the 
tumults of faction will be stilled; that our domestic industry will flourish; 
that our foreign affairs will be conducted with such wi&dom and firmness as to 
assure the prosperity of the people at home, while the interests and honor of 
our country are wisely but inflexibly maintained in our intercourse with other 
nations ; and, especially, that your public experience and the confidence of 
your countrymen, will enable you to give effect to Democratic principles, so 
as to render indissoluble the strong bonds of mutual interest and national 
glory which unite our confederacy and secure the pi-osperity of our people. 

While we offer to the counti-y our sincere congratulations upon the fortu- 
nate auspices of the future, we tender to you personally, the assurances of the 
respect and esteem of 

Your fellow-citizens, 

JOHN E. WARD. 

W. A. RICHARDSON. 

HARRY HIBBARD. 

W. B. LAWRENCE. 

A. G. BROWN. 

JNO. L. MANNING. 

JOHN FORSYTH. 

W. PRESTON. 

J. RANDOLPH TUCKER. 

HORATIO SEYMOUR. 
HoK. JAMES BUCHANAN. 



MR. BUCHANAN'S ACCEPTANCE. 



AVheatland, (near Lancastei',) "I 
June 16, 1856. / 

Gentlemen : — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your commu- 
nication of the 13th instant, informing me officially of my nomination b}' the 
Democratic National Convention, recently held at Cincinnati, as the Demo- 
cratic candidate for the office of President of the United States. I shall not 
attempt to express the grateful feelings which 1 entertaip towards my Demo- 
cratic fellow-citizens for having deemed me worthy of this — the highest politi- 
cal honor on earth— -an honor such as the people of no other country have 
the power to bestow. Deeply sensible of the vast and varied responsibility 
attached to the station, especially at the present crisis in our affairs, I have 
carefully refrained from seeking the nomination either by word or by deed. 
Now, that it has been offered by the Democratic party, I accept it with diffi- 
dence in my own abilities, but with an humble trust, that in the event of my 
election, 1 may be enabled to discharge my duty in such a manner as to allay 
domestic strife, preserve peace and friendship with foreign nations, and pro- 
mote the best interests of the Piepublic. 

In accepting the nomination I need scarcely say that I accept in the same 
spirit, the resolutions constituting the platform of principles erected by the 
Convention. To this platform I intend to confine myself throughout the can- 
vass, believing that I have no right, as the candidate of the Democratic party, 
by answering interrogatories, to present new and different issues before the 
people. 

It will not be expected that in this answer, I should specially refer to the 
subject of each of the resolutions; and I shall therefore confine myself to the 
two topics now most prominently before the people. 

And in the first place, I cordially concur in the sentiments expressed by the 
Convention on the subject of civil and religious liberty. No party founded 
on political or religious intolerance towards one class of American citizens, 
whether born in our own or in a foreign land, can long continue to exist in 
this country. We are all equal before God and the Constitution ; and the 
dark spirit of despotism and bigotry which would create odious distinctions 
among our fellow-citizens, will be speedily i-ebuked by a free and enlight- 
ened public opinion. 

The agitation on the question of Domestic Slavery has too long distracted 
and divided the people of this Union and alienated their affections from each 
other. This agitation has assumed many forms since its commencement, but 
it now seems to be directed chiefly to the Territories ; and judging from its 
present character, I think that we may safely anticipate that it is rapidly 
approaching a "finality." The recent legislation of Congress respecting 
domestic slavery, derived, as it h.-is been, from the original and pure fountain 
of legitimate political power, the will of the majority, promises ere long, to 
allay the dangerous excitement. This legislation is founded upon principles, 
as ancient as free government itself, and in accordance with them, has sim- 
ply declared that the people of a Territory, like those of a State, shall decide 
or themselves, whether slavery shall or shall not exist within their limits. 



CORRESPONDENCE. 77 



The Nebraska-Kansas Act does no more than give the force of law to this 
elementary principle of self-government ; declaring it to be " the true intent 
and meaning of this act not to legislate slavery into any Territory or State, 
nor to exclude it therefrom ; but to leave the people thereof perfectly free to 
form and regulate their domestic institutions in their own way, subject only 
to the Constitution of the United States." This principle will surely not be 
controverted by any individual of any party professing devotion to popular 
government. Besides how vain and illusory would any other principle prove 
in practice in regard to the Territories ! This is apparent from the fact ad- 
mitted by all, that after a territory shall have entered the Union and become 
a State, no Constitutional power would then exist which could prevent it from 
either abolishing or establishing slavery, as the case may be, according to its 
sovereign will and pleasure. 

Most happy would it be for the country if this long agitation were at an 
end. During its whole progress it has produced no practical good to any 
human being, whilst it has been the source of great and dangerous evils. It 
has alienated and estranged one portion of the Union from the other, and has 
even seriously threatened its very existence. To my own personal knowledge, 
it has pi'oduced the impression among foreign nations that our great and glo- 
rious confederacy is in constant danger of dissolution. This does us serious 
injury, because acknowledged power and stability always command respect 
among nations, and are among the best securities against unjust aggression 
and in favor of the maintenance of honorable peace. 

May we not hope that it is the mission of the Democratic party, now the 
only surviving conservative party of the country, ere long to overthrow all 
sectional parties and restore the peace, friendship, and mutual confidence 
which prevailed in the good oli time, among the diiferent members of the con- 
federacy. Its character is strictly national, and it therefore asserts no prin- 
ciple for the guidance of the Federal Government which is not adopted and 
sustained by its members in each and every State. For this reason it is 
everywhere the same determined foe of all geographical parties, so much and 
so justly dreaded by the Father of his Country. From its very nature it 
must continue to exist so long as there is a Constitution and a Union to pre- 
serve. A conviction of these truths has induced many of the purest, the ablest 
and most independent of our former opponents, who have differed from us in 
times gone by upon old and extinct party issues, to come into our ranks and 
devote themselves with us to the cause of the Constitution and the Union. 
Under these circumstances, I most cheerfully pledge myself, should the nomi- 
nation of the Convention be ratified by the people, that all the power and in- 
fluence, constitutionally possessed by the Executive, shall be exerted in a 
firm but conciliatory spirit, during the single term I shall remain in oflfice, to 
restore the same harmony among the sister States which prevailed before this 
apple of discord, in the form of slavery agitation, had been cast into their 
midst. Let the members of the family abstain from intermeddling with the 
exclitsive domestic concerns of each other, and cordially unite, on the basis of 
perfect equality among themselves, in promoting the great national objects of 
common interest to all, and the good work will be instantly accomplished. 

In I'Cgard to our foreign policy, to which you have referred in your commu- 
nication, — it is quite impossible for any human foreknowledge to prescribe 
positive rules in advance, to regulate the conduct of a future administration 
in all the exigencies which may arise in our various and ever changing rela- 
tions with foreign powers. The Federal Government must of necessity exer- 
cise a sound discretion in dealing with international questions as they may 
occui'; but this under the strict responsibility which the Executive must 
always feel to the people of the United States and the judgment of posterity. 
You will therefore excuse me for not entering into particulars; whilst I hear- 
tily concur with you in the general sentiment, that our foreign affairs ought 
to be conducted with such wisdom and firmness as to assure the prosperity of 
the people at home, whilst the interests and honor of our country are wisely 
but inflexibly maintained abroad. Our foreign policy ought ever to be based 



78 CORRESPONDENCE. 



upon the principle of doing justice to all nations, and requiring justice from 
them in return; and from this principle I shall never depart. 

Should I be placed in the Executive Chair, I shall use my best exertions to 
cultivate peace and friendship with all nations, believing this to be our high- 
est policy as well as our most imperative duty ; but at the same time, I shall 
never forget that in case the necessity should arise, which I do not now appre- 
hend, our national rights and national honor must he preserved at all hazards 
and at any sacrifice. 

Firmly convinced that a special Providence governs the affairs of nations 
let us humbly implore his continued blessing upon our country, and that 
he may avert from us the punishment we justly deserve for being discontented 
and ungrateful whilst enjoying privileges above all nations, under such a 
Constitution and such a Union as has never been vouchsafed to any other 
people. 

Yours, very respectfully, 

JAMES BUCHANAN. 
Hon. .John E. Ward, W. A. Richardson, Harry Hibbard, W. B. Lawrence 
A. 6. Brown, John L. Manning, John Forsyth, W. Preston, J. Ran- 
dolph Tucker, and Horatio Seymour, Committee, &c. 



./